Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters in 2011

Lippmann, John, Lawrence, Christopher, Fock, Andrew, Jamieson, Scott and Harris, Richard 2016, Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters in 2011, Diving and hyperbaric medicine, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 207-240.

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Title Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters in 2011
Author(s) Lippmann, John
Lawrence, Christopher
Fock, Andrew
Jamieson, Scott
Harris, Richard
Journal name Diving and hyperbaric medicine
Volume number 46
Issue number 4
Start page 207
End page 240
Total pages 34
Publisher South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2016-12
ISSN 1833-3516
Keyword(s) diving
breath-hold diving
surface-supply breathing apparatus (SSBA)
diving incidents
case reports
Summary INTRODUCTION: An individual case review of diving-related deaths reported as occurring in Australia in 2011 was conducted as part of the DAN Asia-Pacific dive fatality reporting project.

METHOD: The case studies were compiled using reports from witnesses, the police and coroners. In each case, the particular circumstances of the accident and, where available, details from the post-mortem examination are provided. A chain of events analysis was conducted for each case.

RESULTS: In total, there were 30 reported fatalities (10 more than in 2010). These included 15 snorkel/breath-hold divers, 14 scuba divers and one diver using surface-supplied breathing apparatus. Twenty-four victims were males. The mean age of snorkelling victims was 49.6 (range 23-75) years and compressed gas divers 42.2 (range 23-55) years. Cardiac-related issues were thought to have been the disabling injury in the deaths of at least seven snorkel divers and five scuba divers. Immersion pulmonary oedema was implicated in at least one death; and three fatalities resulted from attacks by marine animals. Two novices died while under instruction/supervision after separation from their instructor in poor visibility.

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing medical conditions, separation and inadequate supervision and seafood collection in areas frequented by marine predators were once again features in several deaths in this series.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2016, John Lippmann
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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