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Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2010

Lippmann, John, Lawrence, Chris, Fock, Andrew, Wodak, Thomas, Jamieson, Scott, Harris, Richard and Walker, Douglas 2015, Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2010, Diving and hyperbaric medicine, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 154-175.

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Title Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2010
Author(s) Lippmann, John
Lawrence, Chris
Fock, Andrew
Wodak, Thomas
Jamieson, Scott
Harris, Richard
Walker, Douglas
Journal name Diving and hyperbaric medicine
Volume number 45
Issue number 3
Start page 154
End page 175
Total pages 22
Publisher South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2015-09
ISSN 1833-3516
Keyword(s) diving deaths
scuba
breath-hold diving
surface-supply breathing apparatus (SSBA)
diving accidents
case reports
Summary INTRODUCTION: An individual case review was conducted of known diving-related deaths that occurred in Australia in 2010.

METHOD: The case studies were compiled using statements from witnesses and reports of the police and coroners. In each case, the particular circumstances of the accident and details from the post-mortem examination, where available, are provided. A root cause analysis was made for each case.

RESULTS: There were 20 reported fatalities, one less than the previous year. Five of the victims were female (four scuba divers) and 15 were males. Twelve deaths occurred while snorkelling and/or breath-hold diving, seven while scuba diving (one of whom was using a rebreather), and one diver died while using surface supplied breathing apparatus. At least two breath-hold divers likely drowned as a result of apnoeic hypoxia. Cardiac-related issues were thought to have contributed to the deaths of at least three and possibly five snorkellers, and of at least one, possibly two compressed gas divers.

CONCLUSIONS: Snorkelling or diving alone, poor supervision, apnoeic hypoxia, pre-existing medical conditions, lack of recent experience and unfamiliar and/or poorly-functioning equipment were features in several deaths in this series. Reducing delays to CT-scanning and autopsy and coroners' reports documenting that the victim of a drowning was snorkelling or scuba diving at the time are aspects of the investigation of these fatalities that could be improved.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, John Lippmann
Free to Read? Yes
Free to Read Start Date 2016-10-01
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090677

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.