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Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2009

Lippmann, John, Lawrence, Christopher, Fock, Andrew, Wodak, Thomas and Jamieson, Scott 2013, Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2009, Diving and hyperbaric medicine, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 194-217.

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Title Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters 2009
Author(s) Lippmann, John
Lawrence, Christopher
Fock, Andrew
Wodak, Thomas
Jamieson, Scott
Journal name Diving and hyperbaric medicine
Volume number 43
Issue number 4
Start page 194
End page 217
Total pages 24
Publisher South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2013-12
ISSN 1833-3516
Keyword(s) diving deaths
scuba
breath-hold diving
surface-supply breathing apparatus (SSBA)
diving accidents
case reports
Summary INTRODUCTION: An individual case review of diving-related deaths reported as occurring in Australia in 2009 was conducted as part of the DAN Asia-Pacific Dive Fatality Reporting Project.

METHOD: The case studies were compiled using reports from witnesses, the police and coroners. In each case, the particular circumstances of the accident and details from the post-mortem examination, where available, are provided.

RESULTS: In total, there were 21 reported fatalities (two more than in 2008), including 18 males and three females. Twelve deaths occurred while snorkelling and/or breath-hold diving, eight while scuba diving and one while using surface-supply breathing apparatus. Apneic hypoxia continues to be a problem with breath-hold divers and appears to have caused the death of three victims in this series. Cardiac-related issues were thought to have been the disabling injury in the deaths of at least three snorkel divers and at least three scuba divers. One of the victims was a student who became separated from her instructor on an introductory scuba dive in poor visibility.

CONCLUSIONS: Apneic hypoxia, pre-existing medical conditions, snorkelling or diving alone, separation and inadequate supervision were once again features in several deaths in this series.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©[2013, South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society]
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090678

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.