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Transiting to depth disrupts overall dynamic body acceleration and oxygen consumption rate in freely diving Steller sea lions

Volpov, Beth L., Goundie, Elizabeth L., Rosen, David A.S., Arnould, John P.Y. and Trites, Andrew W. 2016, Transiting to depth disrupts overall dynamic body acceleration and oxygen consumption rate in freely diving Steller sea lions, Marine ecology progress series, vol. 562, pp. 221-236, doi: 10.3354/meps11943.

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Title Transiting to depth disrupts overall dynamic body acceleration and oxygen consumption rate in freely diving Steller sea lions
Author(s) Volpov, Beth L.
Goundie, Elizabeth L.
Rosen, David A.S.
Arnould, John P.Y.ORCID iD for Arnould, John P.Y.
Trites, Andrew W.
Journal name Marine ecology progress series
Volume number 562
Start page 221
End page 236
Total pages 16
Publisher Inter-Research Science Publishing
Place of publication [Halstenbek, Ger.]
Publication date 2016
ISSN 0171-8630
Keyword(s) Diving behaviour
Metabolic rate
Dive phase
Summary Previous research has presented contradictory evidence on the ability of overall dynamic body acceleration (ODBA) to predict mass-corrected oxygen consumption (sVO2) in airbreathing diving vertebrates. We investigated a potential source of these discrepancies by partitioning the ODBA-sVO2 relationship over 3 phases of the dive cycle (transiting to and from depth, bottom time, and post-dive surface interval). Trained Steller sea lions Eumetopias jubatus executed 4 types of dives to 40 m (single dives, long-duration dive bouts of 4-6 dives, short-duration dive bouts of 10 or 12 dives, and transit dives with minimal bottom duration). Partitioning single dives by dive phase showed differing patterns in the ODBA-sVO2 relationship among dive phases, but no significant linear relationships were observed. The proportion of the dive cycle spent tran siting to and from the surface was a significant predictive factor in the ODBA-sVO2 relationship, while bottom duration or post-dive surface interval had no effect. ODBA only predicted sVO2 for dives when the proportion of time spent transiting was small. The apparent inability of ODBA to reliably predict sVO2 reflects differences in the inherent relationships between ODBA and sVO2 during different phases of the dive. These results support the growing body of evidence that ODBA on its own is not a reliable field predictor of energy expenditure at the level of the single dive or dive bout in air-breathing diving vertebrates likely because ODBA (a physical measure) cannot account for physiological changes in sVO2 that occur during the different phases of a dive cycle.
Language eng
DOI 10.3354/meps11943
Field of Research 060201 Behavioural Ecology
060203 Ecological Physiology
060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology)
0602 Ecology
0608 Zoology
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Inter-Research
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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