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Effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum at developing movement competence in children

Rudd, James R., Barnett, Lisa M., Farrow, Damian, Berry, Jason, Borkoles, Erika and Polman, Remco 2017, Effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum at developing movement competence in children, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 164-169, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.013.

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Title Effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum at developing movement competence in children
Author(s) Rudd, James R.
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
Farrow, Damian
Berry, Jason
Borkoles, Erika
Polman, Remco
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 20
Issue number 2
Start page 164
End page 169
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 1440-2440
1878-1861
Keyword(s) fundamental movement skills
stability skills
TGMD-2
KTK
primary school
physical education
Summary Objectives Internationally, children's movement competence levels are low. This study's aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum on stability, locomotive and object control skills and general body coordination. It was hypothesised that the gymnastics intervention group would demonstrate significant improvements beyond a PE comparison group. Design This study used a non-randomised control design. The intervention and comparison groups were drawn from three primary schools. The study followed the transparent reporting of evaluations with nonrandomized designs (TREND) statement for reporting. Methods A total of 333 children (51% girls, 41% intervention) with a mean age of 8.1 years (SD = 1.1) participated. Intervention children (16 weeks × 2 h of gymnastics) were compared to children who received (16 × 2 h) standard PE curriculum. Children's movement competence was assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2, Stability Skills Assessment and the Körper-Koordinationstest für Kinder. Multilevel linear mixed models, accounting for variation at the class level and adjusted for age and sex, were used to assess intervention relative to comparison differences in all aspects of movement competence. Results Stability and object control skills showed a significant (p < 0.05) intervention × time interaction effect. No difference was found in locomotor skills or general coordination. Conclusions Gymnastics is effective at developing stability skills and object control skills without hindering the development of locomotor skills or general coordination. Accelerated learning of stability skills may support the development of more complex movement skills.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.013
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sports Medicine Australia
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090796

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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