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Body armour materials: from steel to contemporary biomimetic systems

Yadav, Ramdayal, Naebe, Minoo, Wang, Xungai and Kandasubramanian, Balasubramanian 2016, Body armour materials: from steel to contemporary biomimetic systems, RSC advances, vol. 6, no. 116, pp. 115145-115174, doi: 10.1039/c6ra24016j.

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Title Body armour materials: from steel to contemporary biomimetic systems
Author(s) Yadav, Ramdayal
Naebe, Minoo
Wang, Xungai
Kandasubramanian, Balasubramanian
Journal name RSC advances
Volume number 6
Issue number 116
Start page 115145
End page 115174
Total pages 30
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-11-30
ISSN 2046-2069
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
Chemistry
MOLECULAR-WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE
MULTIWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
BALLISTIC IMPACT BEHAVIOR
SHEAR THICKENING FLUIDS
HIGH-STRAIN RATES
LONGITUDINAL GROWTH
POLYMER CRYSTALS
WOVEN FABRICS
PROJECTILE IMPACT
FLOWING SOLUTIONS
Summary The history of armour is as old as the evolution of mankind; indeed, it is an intrinsic instinct of humanity to protect and shield ourselves from danger, such as from various critical environments and from other humans, especially in a battlefield setting. The development of high-speed projectiles and explosive materials changed the dynamics of the battlefield and led to an evolution in advanced ballistic personal protection systems, with requirements for the new systems to be damage resistant, flexible and lightweight, and with an efficient energy absorbing capacity. Steel was the preferred material in the battlefield for our ancestors, but in modern days, especially in the last two decades, new design strategies and materials, including fibres, composites, laminates, ceramics and bioinspired materials, have been extensively exploited to accomplish the requirements of modern military operations, and to provide protection appropriate for modern technology-driven war tactics and for protection against current terror threats. The present review covers the general strategies and materials used in armour systems, from felt to metals and composites, which themselves have been further extended, particularly to now include bioinspired materials and utilizing biomimetic conditions. Detailed discussions regarding the various armour materials and any issues in their performance against modern ammunition systems are outlined.
Language eng
DOI 10.1039/c6ra24016j
Field of Research 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2016, The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090902

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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