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The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury

Lay, A Morgan, Saunders, Ron, Lifshen, Marni, Breslin, F Curtis, LaMontagne, Anthony D, Tompa, Emile and Smith, Peter M 2017, The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury, Safety science, vol. 94, pp. 85-93, doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.12.021.

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Title The relationship between occupational health and safety vulnerability and workplace injury
Author(s) Lay, A Morgan
Saunders, Ron
Lifshen, Marni
Breslin, F Curtis
LaMontagne, Anthony DORCID iD for LaMontagne, Anthony D orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Tompa, Emile
Smith, Peter M
Journal name Safety science
Volume number 94
Start page 85
End page 93
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-04
ISSN 0925-7535
1879-1042
Keyword(s) Vulnerability
Work injury
Prevention
Occupational health
Epidemiology
Science & Technology
Technology
Engineering, Industrial
Operations Research & Management Science
Engineering
Work-related injuries
Individual-level
Climate
Canada
Risk
Maultivariate
Performance
Predictors
Accidents
Behavior
Summary This study employs a recently developed conceptual framework and measurement tool that moves beyond defining occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability using population or occupational characteristics, and instead examines how work and workplace characteristics shape an individual worker’s risk of injury (Smith et al., 2015). The measurement tool captures information on four dimensions of OH&S vulnerability: (1) exposure to workplace hazards; (2) workplace safety policies and procedures; (3) worker awareness of health and safety-related rights and responsibilities; and (4) worker empowerment to act to protect themselves and colleagues. The conceptual framework posits that in isolation exposure to workplace hazards, or poor access to protective policies and procedures, awareness or empowerment places workers at increased risk of injury but that the greatest risk arises for workers who are both exposed to hazards and experience one or more deficits in resources to manage these hazards (see Fig. 1). We contend that ‘vulnerability’ arises from exposure to on-the-job hazards in conjunction with inadequate access to resources (policies and procedures, awareness or empowerment) to mitigate the effects of these risks.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.12.021
Field of Research 111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
11 Medical And Health Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920505 Occupational Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, Elsevier Ltd
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30090964

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