Genetic diversity of native and introduced populations of the invasive house crow (Corvus splendens) in Asia and Africa

Krzemińska, Urszula, Wilson, Robyn, Song, Beng Kah, Seneviratne, Sampath, Akhteruzzaman, Sharif, Gruszczyńska, Joanna, Świderek, Wiesław, Huy, Teh Ser, Austin, Christopher M and Rahman, Sadequr 2016, Genetic diversity of native and introduced populations of the invasive house crow (Corvus splendens) in Asia and Africa, Biological invasions, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1867-1881, doi: 10.1007/s10530-016-1130-5.

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Title Genetic diversity of native and introduced populations of the invasive house crow (Corvus splendens) in Asia and Africa
Formatted title Genetic diversity of native and introduced populations of the invasive house crow (Corvus splendens) in Asia and Africa
Author(s) Krzemińska, Urszula
Wilson, Robyn
Song, Beng Kah
Seneviratne, Sampath
Akhteruzzaman, Sharif
Gruszczyńska, Joanna
Świderek, Wiesław
Huy, Teh Ser
Austin, Christopher MORCID iD for Austin, Christopher M orcid.org/0000-0003-1848-6267
Rahman, Sadequr
Journal name Biological invasions
Volume number 18
Issue number 7
Start page 1867
End page 1881
Total pages 15
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Cham, Switzerland
Publication date 2016-07
ISSN 1387-3547
1573-1464
Keyword(s) Corvus splendens
house crow
genetic diversity
global invasion
microsatellites
mitochondrial DNA
Summary The common house crow (Corvus splendens) is one of the best known and most wide spread species of the family Corvidae. It is a successful invasive species able to exploit urban environments, well removed from its natural distribution. It is considered a pest as it attains high population densities, can cause serious economic losses and has many adverse effects on native fauna and flora, including predation, competitive displacement and disease transmission. Little genetic research on the house crow has been undertaken so we have only a limited understanding of its natural genetic population structure and invasion history. In this study, we employ microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA markers to assess genetic diversity, phylogeography and population structure of C. splendens within its native range represented by Sri Lanka and Bangladesh and introduced range represented by Malaysia, Singapore, Kenya and South Africa. We found high levels of genetic diversity in some of the invasive populations for which multiple invasions are proposed. The lowest genetic diversity was found for the intentionally introduced population in Selangor, Malaysia. Sri Lanka is a possible source population for Malaysia Selangor consistent with a documented introduction over 100 years ago, with port cities within the introduced range revealing possible presence of migrants from other unsampled locations. We demonstrate the power of the approach of using multiple molecular markers to untangle patterns of invasion, provide insights into population structure and phylogeographic relationships and illustrate how historical processes may have contributed to making this species such a successful invader.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10530-016-1130-5
Field of Research 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091047

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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