You are not logged in.

Adolescent depressive symptoms in India, Australia and USA: exploratory structural equation modelling of cross-national invariance and predictions by gender and age

Lewis, Andrew J, Rowland, Bosco, Tran, Aiden, Solomon, Renatti F, Patton, George C, Catalano, Richard F and Toumbourou, John W 2017, Adolescent depressive symptoms in India, Australia and USA: exploratory structural equation modelling of cross-national invariance and predictions by gender and age, Journal of affective disorders, vol. 212, pp. 150-159, doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.01.020.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Adolescent depressive symptoms in India, Australia and USA: exploratory structural equation modelling of cross-national invariance and predictions by gender and age
Author(s) Lewis, Andrew J
Rowland, BoscoORCID iD for Rowland, Bosco orcid.org/0000-0003-0192-809X
Tran, Aiden
Solomon, Renatti F
Patton, George C
Catalano, Richard F
Toumbourou, John WORCID iD for Toumbourou, John W orcid.org/0000-0002-8431-3762
Journal name Journal of affective disorders
Volume number 212
Start page 150
End page 159
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-04-01
ISSN 0165-0327
1573-2517
Keyword(s) adolescence
cross-national comparisons
depression
Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling (ESEM)
science & technology
life sciences & biomedicine
clinical neurology
psychiatry
neurosciences & neurology
United-States
protective factors
substance use
youth survey
fit indexes
South India
prevalance
disorders
children
stigma
Summary The present study compares depressive symptoms in adolescents from three countries: Mumbai, India; Seattle, United States; and Melbourne, Australia measured using the Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ). The study cross nationally compares SMFQ depressive symptom responses by age and gender. Data from a cross-nationally matched survey were used to compare factorial and measurement characteristics from samples of students from Grade 7 and 9 in Mumbai, India (n=3268) with the equivalent cohorts in the Washington State, USA (n=1907) and Victoria, Australia (n=1900). Exploratory Structural Equation Modelling (ESEM) was used to cross-nationally examine factor structure and measurement invariance. A number of reports suggesting that SMFQ is uni-dimensional were not supported in findings from any country. A model with two factors was a better fit and suggested a first factor clustering symptoms that were affective and physiologically based symptoms and a second factor of self-critical, cognitive symptoms. The two-factor model showed convincing cross national configural invariance and acceptable measurement invariance. The present findings revealed that adolescents in Mumbai, India, reported substantially higher depressive symptoms in both factors, but particularly for the self-critical dimension, as compared to their peers in Australia and the USA and that males in Mumbai report high levels of depressive symptoms than females in Mumbai. The cross sectional study collected data for adolescents in Melbourne and Seattle in 2002 and the data for adolescents in Mumbai was obtained in 2010-2011 These findings suggest that previous findings in developed nations of higher depressive symptoms amongst females compared to males may have an important cultural component and cannot be generalised as a universal feature of adolescent development.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jad.2017.01.020
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
11 Medical And Health Sciences
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091289

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 9 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 15 Feb 2017, 08:15:57 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.