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Associations between partnering and parenting transitions and dietary habits in young adults

Smith, Kylie J., McNaughton, Sarah A., Gall, Seana L., Otahal, Petr, Dwyer, Terence and Venn, Alison J. 2017, Associations between partnering and parenting transitions and dietary habits in young adults, Journal of the academy of nutrition and dietetics, doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2016.12.008.

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Title Associations between partnering and parenting transitions and dietary habits in young adults
Author(s) Smith, Kylie J.
McNaughton, Sarah A.ORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah A.
Gall, Seana L.
Otahal, Petr
Dwyer, Terence
Venn, Alison J.
Journal name Journal of the academy of nutrition and dietetics
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-02
ISSN 2212-2672
Summary Background: Partnering and parenting are important life-stage transitions that often occur during young adulthood. Little is known about how these transitions affect two dietary behaviors linked to increased cardiometabolic disease risk: skipping breakfast and takeaway-food consumption. Objective: Our aim was to examine whether partnering and parenting transitions during a 5-year period were associated with change in diet quality, skipping breakfast, and takeaway-food consumption. Design: We conducted a cohort study. Questionnaires were completed at baseline (2004 to 2006) and follow-up (2009 to 2011). Marital status and number of children were self-reported. Participants/setting: Australian participants (n=1,402 [39% men]) aged 26 to 36 years were included. Main outcomes measures: Diet quality was assessed using a Dietary Guideline Index. Breakfast skipping (not eating before 9 am the previous day) and frequent takeaway-food consumption (≥2 times/week) were reported. Statistical analysis: Linear regression (mean differences in Dietary Guideline Index) and log binomial regression (relative risks for skipping breakfast and frequent takeaway-food consumption) were adjusted for age, education, follow-up duration, day of the week (skipping breakfast only), the other transition, and baseline behavior. Results: During the 5-year follow-up, 101 men and 93 women became married/living as married, and 149 men and 155 women had their first child. Diet quality improved among all groups and was similar at follow-up between those who experienced the transitions and those who did not. Compared to having no children, having a first child was associated with a lower risk of skipping breakfast for men (relative risk 0.65; 95% CI 0.42 to 1.01) and women (relative risk 0.47; 95% CI 0.31 to 0.72). Men who became partnered also had a lower risk of skipping breakfast than those who remained single (relative risk 0.64; 95% CI 0.42 to 0.98). The transitions were not significantly associated with takeaway-food consumption. Conclusions: Life-stage transitions were not associated with better diet quality. Participants who became partnered or parents were more likely to eat breakfast at follow-up than those who remained single or had no children.
Notes In press
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jand.2016.12.008
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID NHMRC 211316
NHMRC 544923
Copyright notice ©2017, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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