Walker, Leigh C., Kastman, Hanna E., Koeleman, Jan A., Smith, Craig M., Perry, Christina J., Krstew, Elena V., Gundlach, Andrew L. and Lawrence, Andrew J. 2016, Nucleus incertus corticotrophin-releasing factor 1 receptor signalling regulates alcohol seeking in rats, Addiction biology, doi: 10.1111/adb.12426.
Alcoholism is a chronic relapsing disorder, and stress is a key precipitant of relapse. The nucleus incertus (NI) is highly responsive to corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and psychological stressors, receives a CRF innervation and expresses CRF1 and CRF2 receptor mRNA. Furthermore, the ascending NI relaxin-3 system is implicated in alcohol seeking in rats. Therefore, in alcohol-preferring rats, we examined the effect of bilateral injections into the NI of the CRF1 receptor antagonist, CP376395 or the CRF2 receptor antagonist, astressin-2B on yohimbine-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking. Using quantitative PCR analysis of NI micropunches, we assessed the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on gene expression profiles for components of the relaxin-3 and CRF systems. Bilateral intra-NI injections of CP376395 (500 ng/0.25 µl) attenuated yohimbine-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking. In contrast, intra-NI injections of astressin-2B (200 ng/0.25 µl) had no significant effect. In line with these data, CRF1 , but not CRF2 , receptor mRNA was upregulated in the NI following chronic ethanol intake. Relaxin family peptide 3 receptor mRNA was also increased in the NI following chronic ethanol. Our quantitative PCR analysis also identified CRF mRNA within the rat NI, and the existence of a newly identified population of CRF-containing neurons was subsequently confirmed by detection of CRF immunoreactivity in rat and mouse NI. These data suggest that NI neurons contribute to reinstatement of alcohol seeking, via an involvement of CRF1 signalling. Furthermore, chronic ethanol intake leads to neuroadaptive changes in CRF and relaxin-3 systems within rat NI.
Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.