A person-by-situation account of why some people more frequently engage in upward appearance comparison behaviors in everyday life

Rogers, Adam, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Lewis, Vivienne, Krug, Isabel and Richardson, Ben 2017, A person-by-situation account of why some people more frequently engage in upward appearance comparison behaviors in everyday life, Behavior therapy, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 19-28, doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2016.09.007.

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Title A person-by-situation account of why some people more frequently engage in upward appearance comparison behaviors in everyday life
Author(s) Rogers, Adam
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, MatthewORCID iD for Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew orcid.org/0000-0003-1145-6057
Lewis, Vivienne
Krug, Isabel
Richardson, BenORCID iD for Richardson, Ben orcid.org/0000-0002-8485-8973
Journal name Behavior therapy
Volume number 48
Issue number 1
Start page 19
End page 28
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-01
ISSN 1878-1888
Keyword(s) appearance comparisons
body image disturbance
ecological momentary assessment
thin ideal
Social Sciences
Psychology, Clinical
Summary Although the influence of stable, trait-like factors (such as trait body dissatisfaction and appearance internalization) on instances of appearance comparison has been well documented, the additive and interactive influence of contextual factors (such as one's current body satisfaction) on comparison behaviors is unknown. Therefore, the present study tested a Person×Situation model in which both state and trait body image variables interacted to predict engagement in various forms of comparison (upward, downward, and lateral). Participants included 161 women who completed a baseline measure of trait body dissatisfaction and internalization, and then completed, via an iPhone app, an ecological momentary assessment phase in which they reported momentary experiences of mood and comparison behaviors at up to 6 random times per day for 7days. Multilevel analyses revealed that upward comparisons (comparisons against more attractive people) were more likely for individuals with heightened trait and/or state negative body image, but these predictive effects of state and trait on appearance comparisons appear largely independent of each other. Furthermore, neither state nor trait body image variables were related to the other forms of comparison, and time lag at the state-level between predictor and outcome did not seem to influence the strength of these associations. Present findings are consistent with the notion that how an individual feels in the moment about their appearance may influence engagement in deleterious appearance behaviors. However, further testing is needed to confirm these causal hypotheses.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.beth.2016.09.007
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, Elsevier B.V.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091538

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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