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Using ionic liquids to reduce energy consumption for carbon fibre production

Maghe, Maxime, Creighton, Claudia, Henderson, Luke C., Huson, Mickey G., Nunna, Srinivas, Atkiss, Stephen, Byrne, Nolene and Fox, Bronwyn L. 2016, Using ionic liquids to reduce energy consumption for carbon fibre production, Journal of materials chemistry A, vol. 4, no. 42, pp. 16619-16626, doi: 10.1039/c6ta06842a.

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Title Using ionic liquids to reduce energy consumption for carbon fibre production
Author(s) Maghe, Maxime
Creighton, Claudia
Henderson, Luke C.ORCID iD for Henderson, Luke C. orcid.org/0000-0002-4244-2056
Huson, Mickey G.
Nunna, Srinivas
Atkiss, Stephen
Byrne, Nolene
Fox, Bronwyn L.
Journal name Journal of materials chemistry A
Volume number 4
Issue number 42
Start page 16619
End page 16626
Total pages 8
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Place of publication Cambridge, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 2050-7488
2050-7496
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Physical Sciences
Technology
Chemistry, Physical
Energy & Fuels
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Chemistry
Materials Science
PAN FIBERS
POLYACRYLONITRILE FIBERS
THERMAL-DEGRADATION
STABILIZATION REACTIONS
PRECURSOR
ACID
CARBONIZATION
ACRYLONITRILE
CATALYSIS
KINETICS
Summary Carbon fibre composites are lightweight, high performance materials with outstanding mechanical properties. However, the use of carbon fibre is limited to high-end applications largely due to their high manufacturing cost. A significant portion of the cost results from the energy input required to convert the precursor into carbon fibre. Stabilization is the first critical step whereby the fibre undergoes a series of thermal treatments creating a stabilized fibre ready for carbonization. In this study, we demonstrate the use of ionic liquids as polyacrylonitrile fibre impregnation agents, resulting in substantially lower fibre stabilization temperatures and thus significant energy savings. The use of infrared, calorimetric, and thermogravimetric studies indicated that the beneficial effect of ionic liquids is due to higher stabilization chemical reaction rates.
Language eng
DOI 10.1039/c6ta06842a
Field of Research 030306 Synthesis of Materials
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2016, Royal Society of Chemistry
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091620

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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