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Physical activity, sedentary behavior and their correlates in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a systematic review

Jones, Rachel A., Downing, Katherine, Rinehart, Nicole J., Barnett, Lisa M., May, Tamara, McGillivray, Jane A., Papadopoulos, Nicole V., Skouteris, Helen, Timperio, Anna and Hinkley, Trina 2017, Physical activity, sedentary behavior and their correlates in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a systematic review, PLoS one, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-23, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172482.

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Title Physical activity, sedentary behavior and their correlates in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a systematic review
Author(s) Jones, Rachel A.
Downing, Katherine
Rinehart, Nicole J.ORCID iD for Rinehart, Nicole J. orcid.org/0000-0001-6109-3958
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
May, TamaraORCID iD for May, Tamara orcid.org/0000-0001-8705-4180
McGillivray, Jane A.
Papadopoulos, Nicole V.
Skouteris, Helen
Timperio, Anna
Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina orcid.org/0000-0003-2742-8579
Journal name PLoS one
Volume number 12
Issue number 2
Article ID e0172482
Start page 1
End page 23
Total pages 23
Publisher PLoS
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1932-6203
Summary Autism Spectrum Disorder affects up to 2.5% of children and is associated with harmful health outcomes (e.g. obesity). Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviors may contribute to harmful health outcomes. To systematically review the prevalence and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, electronic databases (PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, Medline) were searched from inception to November 2015. The review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42014013849). Peer-reviewed, English language studies were included. Two reviewers screened potentially relevant articles. Outcomes of interest were physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels and their potential correlates. Data were collected and analysed in 2015. Of 35 included studies, 15 reported physical activity prevalence, 10 reported physical activity correlates, 18 reported sedentary behavior prevalence, and 10 reported sedentary behavior correlates. Estimates of children's physical activity (34-166 mins/day, average 86 mins/day) and sedentary behavior (126-558 mins/day in screen time, average 271 mins/day; 428-750 mins/day in total sedentary behavior, average 479 mins/day) varied across studies. Age was consistently inversely associated, and sex inconsistently associated with physical activity. Age and sex were inconsistently associated with sedentary behavior. Sample sizes were small. All but one of the studies were classified as having high risk of bias. Few correlates have been reported in sufficient studies to provide overall estimates of associations. Potential correlates in the physical environment remain largely unexamined. This review highlights varying levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Research is needed to consistently identify the correlates of these behaviors. There is a critical need for interventions to support healthy levels of these behaviors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0172482
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091701

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.