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Four weeks of sprint interval training improves 5-km run performance

Denham, Joshua, Feros, Simon A. and OʼBrien, Brendan J. 2015, Four weeks of sprint interval training improves 5-km run performance, Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 2137-2141, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000862.

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Title Four weeks of sprint interval training improves 5-km run performance
Author(s) Denham, Joshua
Feros, Simon A.
OʼBrien, Brendan J.
Journal name Journal of strength and conditioning research
Volume number 29
Issue number 8
Start page 2137
End page 2141
Total pages 5
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2015-08
ISSN 1064-8011
1533-4287
Keyword(s) Adolescent
Adult
Athletic Performance
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Conditioning, Human
Physical Fitness
Running
Young Adult
Summary Sprint interval training (SIT) rapidly improves cardiorespiratory fitness but demands less training time and volume than traditional endurance training. Although the health and fitness benefits caused by SIT have received considerable research focus, the effect of short-term SIT on 5-km run performance is unknown. Thirty healthy untrained participants (aged 18-25 years) were allocated to a control (n = 10) or a SIT (n = 20) group. Sprint interval training involved 3-8 sprints at maximal intensity, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Sprints were progressed to 8 by the 12th session. All participants completed a 5-km time trial on a public running track and an incremental treadmill test in an exercise physiology laboratory to determine 5-km run performance and maximum oxygen uptake, respectively, before and after the 4-week intervention. Relative to the controls, sprint interval-trained participants improved 5-km run performance by 4.5% (p < 0.001), and this was accompanied by improvements in absolute and relative maximum oxygen uptake (4.9%, p = 0.04 and 4.5%, p = 0.045, respectively). Therefore, short-term SIT significantly improves 5-km run performance in untrained young men. We believe that SIT is a time-efficient means of improving cardiorespiratory fitness and 5-km endurance performance.
Language eng
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000862
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, National Strength and Conditioning Association
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091702

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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