Fee or free? Trading equity for quality of care for primary health care in Papua New Guinea

Sweeney, Rohan and Mulou, Navy 2012, Fee or free? Trading equity for quality of care for primary health care in Papua New Guinea, International health, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 283-288, doi: 10.1016/j.inhe.2012.07.003.

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Title Fee or free? Trading equity for quality of care for primary health care in Papua New Guinea
Author(s) Sweeney, RohanORCID iD for Sweeney, Rohan orcid.org/0000-0002-3243-9523
Mulou, Navy
Journal name International health
Volume number 4
Issue number 4
Start page 283
End page 288
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2012-12
ISSN 1876-3405
Keyword(s) user fees
facility regulation
health financing
developing countries
papua New Guinea
Summary Fee charging is common at primary health facilities in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and is poorly regulated. To understand the extent of user fees and their implications on access and service delivery, structured interviews with staff and users at 44 primary health facilities were conducted across seven provinces of PNG. Facilities were stratified by management (government or non-government) and accessibility (easy or difficult) and were then randomly selected. Staff at 37 (84%) of the 44 facilities reported charging user fees for at least some goods and services both at church- and government-run facilities. Twenty-one percent of all exit survey respondents said user fees had prevented them attending a health facility on at least one occasion. Almost one-third of facilities were in contradiction of national health policies, charging for deliveries and domestic violence injuries. Moreover, 33 of the 37 facilities charging user fees reported that revenue raised was used to cover operational costs of running health facilities meant to be funded by other sources. Whilst fee revenue reportedly provided valuable additional funding to increase capacity for service delivery, fees caused a barrier to access for some and exemptions were inconsistently applied, often in contradiction with national health policy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.inhe.2012.07.003
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091764

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
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