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A risk management framework for distributed agile projects

Shrivastava, Suprika Vasudeva and Rathod, Urvashi 2017, A risk management framework for distributed agile projects, Information and software technology, vol. 85, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.1016/j.infsof.2016.12.005.

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Title A risk management framework for distributed agile projects
Author(s) Shrivastava, Suprika Vasudeva
Rathod, Urvashi
Journal name Information and software technology
Volume number 85
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2017-05
ISSN 0950-5849
Keyword(s) Distributed Agile Development (DAD)
agile software development
Distributed Software Development (DSD)
risk factor classification
risk management framework in distributed agile development
Summary Context: Distributed agile development (DAD) approach has been adopted by the software companies for cost and time benefits. However, it causes significant challenges considering the contradicting nature of the agile and distributed development. Objective: The objective of this study is to develop a risk management framework that comprises the perceived risks in DAD projects, their causes and the methods used in industry for managing those risks. Method: This work is an extension of an exploratory study, wherein, DAD practitioners reported the risks they face in projects and the methods they use for managing those risks. The identified risks were fur- ther categorized based on their relevance to different aspects of DAD projects. In this extension, industry practitioners ranked the risks for their impact on DAD projects and rated the methods for the frequency of their use in projects. As the number of risks under each category was large for ranking, they were grouped under the risk areas within each category. The ranking of risk categories, risk areas and risk fac- tors for their impact on DAD projects manifests their importance. The framework includes ranked risks, their causes and the risk management approaches. It was partially implemented in live projects in three different com panies and was found to be beneficial. Results: The perceived impact of the risk categories, ‘Group Awareness’, ‘External Stakeholder Collabo- ration’ and ‘Software Development Life Cycle’ on DAD projects has been found to be high and caused by the properties of Distributed Software Development (DSD). The partial validation of the framework in three companies reported the elimination of majority of risk factors and/or reduction in their impact. Conclusion: DAD projects provide significant benefits but hold substantial risks due to the contradiction between distributed development and agile practices. The reported framework could effectively minimize the DAD risks in practice.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.infsof.2016.12.005
Field of Research 0803 Computer Software
0806 Information Systems
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30091768

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Department of Information Systems and Business Analytics
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