You are not logged in.
Openly accessible

Water and beverage consumption: analysis of the Australian 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey

Sui, Zhixian, Zheng, Miaobing, Zhang, Man and Rangan, Anna 2016, Water and beverage consumption: analysis of the Australian 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.3390/nu8110678.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
zheng-waterandbeverage-2016.pdf Published version application/pdf 1.11MB 1

Title Water and beverage consumption: analysis of the Australian 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey
Author(s) Sui, Zhixian
Zheng, Miaobing
Zhang, Man
Rangan, Anna
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 8
Issue number 11
Article ID 678
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2016
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) water intake
dietary pattern
drinking water
diet quality
adults
children
Summary Background: Water consumption as a vital component of the human diet is under-researched in dietary surveys and nutrition studies. Aim: To assess total water and fluid intakes and examine demographic, anthropometric, and dietary factors associated with water consumption in the Australian population.

Methods: Dietary intake data from the 2011 to 2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Usual water, fluid and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from two days of dietary recalls. Total water includes plain drinking water and moisture from all food and beverage sources; total fluids include plain drinking water and other beverages, but not food moisture.

Results: The mean (SD) daily total water intakes for children and adolescents aged 2–18 years were 1.7 (0.6) L for males and 1.5 (0.4) L for females, and for adults aged 19 years and over were 2.6 (0.9) L for males and 2.3 (0.7) L for females. The majority of the population failed to meet the Adequate Intake (AI) values for total water intake (82%) and total fluids intake (78%) with the elderly at highest risk (90%–95%). The contributions of plain drinking water, other beverages and food moisture to total water intake were 44%, 27%, and 29%, respectively, among children and adolescents, and 37%, 37% and 25% among adults. The main sources of other beverages were full-fat plain milk and regular soft drinks for children and adolescents, and tea, coffee, and alcoholic drinks for adults. For adults, higher total water intake was associated with lower percent energy from fat, saturated fat, and free sugars, lower sodium and energy-dense nutrient poor food intakes but higher dietary fibre, fruit, vegetable, caffeine, and alcohol intakes. No associations were found between total water consumption and body mass index (BMI) for adults and BMI z-score for children and adolescents.

Conclusion: Reported water consumption was below recommendations. Higher water intakes were suggestive of better diet quality.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu8110678
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30092296

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 13 Abstract Views, 2 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 27 Mar 2017, 14:23:33 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.