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The potential of health literacy to address the health related UN sustainable development goal 3 (SDG3) in Nepal: a rapid review

Budhathoki, Shyam Sundar, Pokharel, Paras K., Good, Suvajee, Limbu, Sajani, Bhattachan, Meika and Osborne, Richard H. 2017, The potential of health literacy to address the health related UN sustainable development goal 3 (SDG3) in Nepal: a rapid review, BMC health services research, vol. 17, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2183-6.

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Title The potential of health literacy to address the health related UN sustainable development goal 3 (SDG3) in Nepal: a rapid review
Author(s) Budhathoki, Shyam Sundar
Pokharel, Paras K.
Good, Suvajee
Limbu, Sajani
Bhattachan, Meika
Osborne, Richard H.ORCID iD for Osborne, Richard H. orcid.org/0000-0002-9081-2699
Journal name BMC health services research
Volume number 17
Article ID 237
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2017-03-27
ISSN 1472-6963
Keyword(s) health literacy
health system responsiveness
impediments to public health in Nepal
development
Nepal
sustainable development goals
SDG
equity
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Health Care Sciences & Services
HOUSEHOLD DECISION-MAKING
CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY
DEMAND-SIDE BARRIERS
FAR-WESTERN NEPAL
WOMENS AUTONOMY
MATERNAL HEALTH
CHILD HEALTH
DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES
CARE
SERVICES
Summary Background
Health literacy has been linked to health outcomes across population groups around the world. Nepal, a low income country, experiences the double burden of highly prevalent communicable as well as non-communicable diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) has positioned health literacy as a key mechanism to meet the health-related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG3). However, there is little known about the status of health literacy in developing countries such as Nepal. This paper aims to review the potential of health literacy to address SDG3 in Nepal.

Methods
A rapid review was conducted using the knowledge to action evidence summary approach. Articles included in the review were those reporting on barriers to health care engagements in Nepal published in English language between January 2000 and December 2015.

Results

Barriers for healthcare engagement included knowledge and education as strong factors, followed by culture, gender roles, quality of service and cost of services. These barriers influence the Nepalese community to access and engage with services, and make and enact healthcare decisions, not only at the individual level but at the family level. These factors are directly linked to health literacy. Health literacy is a pivotal determinant of understanding, accessing and using health information and health services, it is important that the health literacy needs of the people be addressed.

Conclusion

Locally identified and developed health literacy interventions may provide opportunities for systematic improvements in health to address impediments to healthcare in Nepal. Further research on health literacy and implementation of health literacy interventions may help reduce inequalities and increase the responsiveness of health systems which could potentially facilitate Nepal to meet the sustainable development goals. While there is currently little in place for health literacy to impact on the SDG3, this paper generates insights into health literacy’s potential role.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12913-017-2183-6
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
0807 Library And Information Studies
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30092493

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.