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Bicycle crashes in different riding environments in the Australian Capital Territory

De Rome, Liz, Boufous, Soufian, Georgeson, Thomas, Senserrick, Teresa, Richardson, Drew and Ivers, Rebecca 2014, Bicycle crashes in different riding environments in the Australian Capital Territory, Traffic injury prevention, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 81-88, doi: 10.1080/15389588.2013.781591.

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Title Bicycle crashes in different riding environments in the Australian Capital Territory
Author(s) De Rome, LizORCID iD for De Rome, Liz orcid.org/0000-0002-7955-6022
Boufous, Soufian
Georgeson, Thomas
Senserrick, Teresa
Richardson, Drew
Ivers, Rebecca
Journal name Traffic injury prevention
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 81
End page 88
Total pages 8
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 1538-9588
1538-957X
Keyword(s) bicycle
shared paths
pedestrian-cycle crashes
cyclist-cyclist crashes
Summary Introduction: Cyclists are increasingly overrepresented in traffic crash casualties in Australia. There is evidence that better cycling infrastructure increases participation, but whether it reduces the numbers of injured cyclists is less clear. This study examined injury outcomes of crashes in different cycling environments. Methods: Adult cyclists injured on- and off-road were recruited from emergency departments from November 2009 to May 2010 in the Australian Capital Territory. Eligible participants (n = 313/372, 84.1%) were interviewed and their injury self-reports were corroborated with medical records where available. Participants who had crashed in transport-related areas (n = 202, 64.5%) are the focus of this article. Results: Participants had crashed in traffic (39.1%), in cycle lanes (7.9%), on shared paths (36.1%), and on footpaths (16.8%). Based on average weekly traffic counts, the crash involvement rate per 1000 cyclists was 11.8 on shared paths compared to 5.8 on cycle lanes. Over half of the participants (52.0%) were injured in single-vehicle bicycle crashes. The remainder involved other road users, including motor vehicles (20.8%), other bicycles (18.8%), pedestrians (6.4%), and animals (2.0%). Pedestrians were involved in 16.4 percent of crashes on shared paths. Minor injuries (Abbreviated Injury Scale [AIS] 1) were sustained by 58.4 percent of cyclists, moderately severe injuries (AIS 2) were sustained by 36.1 percent of cyclists, and 5.4 percent of cyclists were seriously injured (AIS 3+). The average treatment required was 1.8 days with 7.5 days off work and cost to the cyclist of $869 excluding medical treatment. Cyclists who crashed on shared paths or in traffic had higher injury severity scores (ISS; 4.4, 4.0) compared to those in cycle lanes or on footpaths (3.3, 3.4) and required more treatment days (2.8, 1.7 versus 0.0, 0.2). Conclusions: Fewer cyclists were injured in on-road cycle lanes than in other cycling environments, and a high proportion of injuries were incurred on shared paths. This study highlights an urgent need to determine appropriate criteria and management strategies for paths classified as suitable for shared or segregated usage. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Traffic Injury Prevention to view the supplemental files.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/15389588.2013.781591
Field of Research 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
0902 Automotive Engineering
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Taylor & Francis Group
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30092967

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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