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Risk factors for severe injury in cyclists involved in traffic crashes in Victoria, Australia

Boufous, Soufiane, de Rome, Liz, Senserrick, Teresa and Ivers, Rebecca 2012, Risk factors for severe injury in cyclists involved in traffic crashes in Victoria, Australia, Accident analysis and prevention, vol. 49, pp. 404-409, doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.03.011.

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Title Risk factors for severe injury in cyclists involved in traffic crashes in Victoria, Australia
Author(s) Boufous, Soufiane
de Rome, LizORCID iD for de Rome, Liz orcid.org/0000-0002-7955-6022
Senserrick, Teresa
Ivers, Rebecca
Journal name Accident analysis and prevention
Volume number 49
Start page 404
End page 409
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2012-11
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Keyword(s) Accidents, Traffic
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Bicycling
Child
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Risk Factors
Trauma Severity Indices
Victoria
Wounds and Injuries
Young Adult
Summary This study examines the impact of cyclist, road and crash characteristics on the injury severity of cyclists involved in traffic crashes reported to the police in Victoria, Australia between 2004 and 2008. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify predictors of severe injury (serious injury and fatality) in cyclist crashes reported to the police. There were 6432 cyclist crashes reported to the police in Victoria between 2004 and 2008 with 2181 (33.9%) resulting in severe injury of the cyclist involved. The multivariate analysis found that factors that increase the risk of severe injury in cyclists involved in traffic crashes were age (50 years and older), not wearing a helmet, riding in the dark on unlit roads, riding on roads zoned 70 km/h or above, on curved sections of the road, in rural locations and being involved in head-on collisions as well as off path crashes, which include losing control of vehicle, and on path crashes which include striking the door of a parked vehicle. While this study did not test effectiveness of preventative measures, policy makers should consider implementation of programs that address these risk factors including helmet programs and environmental modifications such as speed reduction on roads that are frequented by cyclists.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2012.03.011
Field of Research 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1507 Transportation And Freight Services
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30092970

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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