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Cycling crashes in children, adolescents, and adults - a comparative analysis

Boufous, Soufiane, de Rome, Liz, Senserrick, Teresa and Ivers, Rebecca 2011, Cycling crashes in children, adolescents, and adults - a comparative analysis, Traffic injury prevention, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 244-250, doi: 10.1080/15389588.2011.563333.

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Title Cycling crashes in children, adolescents, and adults - a comparative analysis
Author(s) Boufous, Soufiane
de Rome, Liz
Senserrick, Teresa
Ivers, Rebecca
Journal name Traffic injury prevention
Volume number 12
Issue number 3
Start page 244
End page 250
Total pages 7
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2011-06
ISSN 1538-9588
1538-957X
Keyword(s) Accidents, Traffic
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Bicycling
Child
Child, Preschool
Craniocerebral Trauma
Female
Head Protective Devices
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Police
Retrospective Studies
Victoria
Young Adult
Summary OBJECTIVE: To compare rates, circumstances, and outcomes of cyclist crashes between children (aged 0-9 years), adolescents (aged 10-19 years), and adults (aged 20 years and over) in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of cyclist crashes in police records and the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset during the period 2004-2008. RESULTS: Adolescent cyclists had the highest rates, per 100 000 people, of police-reported (32.6, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.7-34.5) and hospitalized cyclist crashes (71.6, 95% CI: 68.7-74.4). Police-reported helmet use at the time of the crash was lowest among children (57.1%, 95% CI: 49.5-64.8) compared to 60.2 percent (95% CI: 57.3-63.1) in adolescents and 77.7 percent (95% CI: 76.5-78.8) in adults. This was reflected in the hospital data, which indicated that more than one third of cyclist hospitalizations among children (37.4%) resulted in head injuries compared to around 1 in 4 hospitalized cyclist crashes in adolescents (26.8%) and adults (23.7%). Cyclists emerging off a footpath into the path of a vehicle as well as cyclists struck by vehicles emerging form a driveway were the most frequent types of police-reported crashes involving children (73.9%) and adolescents (48.1%). In contrast, most adult cyclist crashes occurred on the roadway, mainly at intersections. CONCLUSIONS: Programs to improve the safety knowledge and behavior of children and adolescent cyclists, particularly focusing on helmet use, should be part of a comprehensive approach that encompasses legislative and environmental changes, including appropriate cyclist facilities and reduced speed limit in residential areas.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/15389588.2011.563333
Field of Research 0902 Automotive Engineering
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Taylor & Francis Group
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30092973

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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