The influence of child gender on the prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD

Demmer, David H., Puccio, Francis, Stokes, Mark A., McGillivray, Jane A. and Hooley, Merrilyn 2017, The influence of child gender on the prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD, Journal of abnormal child psychology, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1007/s10802-017-0284-7.

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Title The influence of child gender on the prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD
Author(s) Demmer, David H.
Puccio, Francis
Stokes, Mark A.ORCID iD for Stokes, Mark A.
McGillivray, Jane A.ORCID iD for McGillivray, Jane A.
Hooley, MerrilynORCID iD for Hooley, Merrilyn
Journal name Journal of abnormal child psychology
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer Science + Business Media
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2017-03-02
ISSN 1573-2835
Keyword(s) ADHD
Childhood psychopathology
Externalizing disorder
Summary The aims of the current study were to (i) explore the potential bidirectional, prospective relationships between parenting and child ADHD, and (ii) explore whether these relationships differed on the basis of child gender. Data were obtained from waves 1 (children aged 4- to 5-years) to 5 (children aged 12- to 13-years) of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Child (LSAC) dataset (child cohort). In order to examine dimensions of both mothers' and fathers' parenting, a subsample of nuclear families with mothers, fathers and children present at all waves was extracted (final sample = 1932; sons = 981, daughters = 951). Child ADHD measures included the hyperactive-impulsive subscale of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire for symptoms, and parent-report question for diagnosis. Mothers and fathers completed scales on dimensions of Angry, Warm and Consistent Parenting. A cross-lagged panel model demonstrated (i) higher child ADHD symptoms at wave 1 led to a global increase in less-than-optimal parenting at wave 2, and (ii) child ADHD symptoms and Angry Parenting shared a prospective, bi-directional relationship (whereby increases in one predicted increases in the other over time) during earlier years of development. Latent growth curve models demonstrated that increases in Angry Parenting across time were significantly predicted by increases in child ADHD symptoms. A logistic regression demonstrated that both mothers' and fathers' Angry Parenting at wave 1 significantly predicted an ADHD diagnosis in children at wave 3. No predictive relationships differed between child genders; thus, it appears these prospective pathways are similar for both sons and daughters.
Notes In Press
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10802-017-0284-7
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, Springer Science + Business Media
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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