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Effects of living near an urban motorway on the wellbeing of local residents in deprived areas: natural experimental study

Foley, Louise, Prins, Richard, Crawford, Fiona, Humphreys, David, Mitchell, Richard, Sahlqvist, Shannon, Thomson, Hilary and Ogilvie, David 2017, Effects of living near an urban motorway on the wellbeing of local residents in deprived areas: natural experimental study, PLoS one, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1-16, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174882.

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Title Effects of living near an urban motorway on the wellbeing of local residents in deprived areas: natural experimental study
Author(s) Foley, Louise
Prins, Richard
Crawford, Fiona
Humphreys, David
Mitchell, Richard
Sahlqvist, ShannonORCID iD for Sahlqvist, Shannon orcid.org/0000-0002-3714-9533
Thomson, Hilary
Ogilvie, David
Journal name PLoS one
Volume number 12
Issue number 4
Article ID e0174882
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Publisher PLoS
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1932-6203
Summary BACKGROUND: Health and wellbeing are partly shaped by the neighbourhood environment. In 2011, an eight kilometre (five mile) extension to the M74 motorway was opened in Glasgow, Scotland, constructed through a predominantly urban, deprived area. We evaluated the effects of the new motorway on wellbeing in local residents.

METHODS: This natural experimental study involved a longitudinal cohort (n = 365) and two cross-sectional samples (baseline n = 980; follow-up n = 978) recruited in 2005 and 2013. Adults from one of three study areas-surrounding the new motorway, another existing motorway, or no motorway-completed a postal survey. Within areas, individual measures of motorway proximity were calculated. Wellbeing was assessed with the mental (MCS-8) and physical (PCS-8) components of the SF-8 scale at both time points, and the short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (SWEMWBS) at follow-up only.

RESULTS: In multivariable linear regression analyses, cohort participants living nearer to the new M74 motorway experienced significantly reduced mental wellbeing over time (MCS-8: -3.6, 95% CI -6.6 to -0.7) compared to those living further away. In cross-sectional and repeat cross-sectional analyses, an interaction was found whereby participants with a chronic condition living nearer to the established M8 motorway experienced reduced (MCS-8: -3.7, 95% CI -8.3 to 0.9) or poorer (SWEMWBS: -1.1, 95% CI -2.0 to -0.3) mental wellbeing compared to those living further away.

CONCLUSIONS: We found some evidence that living near to a new motorway worsened local residents' wellbeing. In an area with an existing motorway, negative impacts appeared to be concentrated in those with chronic conditions, which may exacerbate existing health inequalities and contribute to poorer health outcomes. Health impacts of this type of urban regeneration intervention should be more fully taken into account in future policy and planning.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0174882
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30096307

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.