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Effects of biopolishing on the quality of cotton fabrics using acid and neutral cellulases

Uddin, Mohammad Gias 2015, Effects of biopolishing on the quality of cotton fabrics using acid and neutral cellulases, Textiles and clothing sustainability, vol. 1, no. 9, doi: 10.1186/s40689-015-0009-7.

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Title Effects of biopolishing on the quality of cotton fabrics using acid and neutral cellulases
Author(s) Uddin, Mohammad GiasORCID iD for Uddin, Mohammad Gias orcid.org/0000-0003-1100-3584
Journal name Textiles and clothing sustainability
Volume number 1
Issue number 9
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N. Y.
Publication date 2015-12
ISSN 2197-9936
2197-9936
Summary The aims of the study were to analyze the treatment conditions for the use of acid and neutral cellulase enzymes and evaluate the changes in the various properties of the treated fabrics. In this study, biopolishing was carried out on bleached fabric using acid cellulase (Mega PK) and neutral cellulase (Mega L-1009D) considering three factors: concentration (0.5, 1, and 1.5 %), temperature (45, 55, and 65 °C), and time (40, 50, and 60 min). Changes in the physical properties such as weight loss, strength loss, pilling resistance, abrasion resistance (mass loss), and bending length of the biopolished fabrics were measured. Using Mega PK, weight loss and strength loss were found within 0.25 to 1.42 % and 1.7 to 24.7 %, respectively, while these values were found within 0.20 to 1.22 % and 1.5 to 18.9 %, respectively, using Mega L. On the other hand, pilling and abrasion resistance of the fabrics were improved due to biopolishing. In addition, bending length was found maximum 31.62 % lower than the untreated bleached fabric using Mega PK and 44.26 % lower using Mega L. It was also concluded that 1 % Mega PK showed better results when applied at 55 °C for 40 min, whereas 1 % Mega L showed better results when applied at 55 °C for 50 min among all the treatment conditions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s40689-015-0009-7
Copyright notice ©2015, Uddin
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30096334

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.