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Traumatic brain-and-spine injury mechanics supported by the Crash Simulator Toolbox

Ivancevic, Vladimir G. and Mohamed, Shady 2014, Traumatic brain-and-spine injury mechanics supported by the Crash Simulator Toolbox, Journal of rehabilitation robotics, vol. 2, pp. 13-31, doi: 10.12970/2308-8354.2014.02.02.

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Title Traumatic brain-and-spine injury mechanics supported by the Crash Simulator Toolbox
Author(s) Ivancevic, Vladimir G.
Mohamed, ShadyORCID iD for Mohamed, Shady orcid.org/0000-0002-8851-1635
Journal name Journal of rehabilitation robotics
Volume number 2
Start page 13
End page 31
Total pages 19
Publisher Synergy Publishers
Place of publication Chester, Eng.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 2308-8354
Keyword(s) Traumatic brain injury
spinal injury
biomechanics
simulation
Matlab toolbox
Summary Recently, the first author has proposed a new coupled-loading-rate hypothesis as a unique cause of both brain and spinal injuries, which states that they are both caused by a Euclidean jolt, an impulsive loading that strikes head and spine (or, any other part of the human body)- in several coupled degrees-of-freedom simultaneously. Injury never happens in a single direction only, nor is it ever caused by a static force. It is always an impulsive translational plus rotational force. The Euclidean jolt causes two basic forms of brain, spine and other musculo-skeletal injuries: (i) localized translational dislocations; and (ii) localized rotational disclinations. In the present paper, we first review this unique mechanics of a general human mechanical neuro-musculo-skeletal injury, and then describe how it can be predicted and controlled by the new crash simulator toolbox. This rigorous Matlab toolbox has been developed using an existing third-party toolbox DiffMan, for accurately solving differential equations on smooth manifolds and mechanical Lie groups. The present crash simulator toolbox performs prediction and control of brain and spinal injuries within the framework of the Euclidean group SE(3) of general rigid body motions.
Language eng
DOI 10.12970/2308-8354.2014.02.02
Field of Research 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Synergy Publishers
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30096819

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Institute for Frontier Materials
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