Openly accessible

Differences in energy balance-related behaviours in European preschool children: the ToyBox-study

De Craemer, Marieke, Lateva, Mina, Iotova, Violeta, De Decker, Ellen, Verloigne, Maite, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, Androutsos, Odysseas, Socha, Piotr, Kulaga, Zbigniew, Moreno, Luis, Koletzko, Berthold, Manios, Yannis, Cardon, Greet and Swinburn, Boyd 2015, Differences in energy balance-related behaviours in European preschool children: the ToyBox-study, PLoS one, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 1-18, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118303.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
swinburn-differencesin-2015.pdf Published version application/pdf 619.02KB 9

Title Differences in energy balance-related behaviours in European preschool children: the ToyBox-study
Author(s) De Craemer, Marieke
Lateva, Mina
Iotova, Violeta
De Decker, Ellen
Verloigne, Maite
De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
Androutsos, Odysseas
Socha, Piotr
Kulaga, Zbigniew
Moreno, Luis
Koletzko, Berthold
Manios, Yannis
Cardon, Greet
Swinburn, Boyd
Journal name PLoS one
Volume number 10
Issue number 3
Article ID e0118303
Start page 1
End page 18
Total pages 18
Publisher PLoS
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Beverages
Child
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet
Europe
Feeding Behavior
Female
Humans
Male
Nutritive Sweeteners
Sedentary Lifestyle
Snacks
Surveys and Questionnaires
ToyBox-study group
Summary BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to compare levels of energy balance-related behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and dietary behaviours (more specifically water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking)) in four- to six-year-old preschoolers from six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Poland, and Spain) within the ToyBox cross-sectional study.

METHODS: A sample of 4,045 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.43 years; 52.2% boys) had valid physical activity data (steps per day), parents of 8,117 preschoolers (4.78 ± 0.46 years; 53.0% boys) completed a parental questionnaire with questions on sedentary behaviours (television viewing, computer use, and quiet play), and parents of 7,244 preschoolers (4.77 ± 0.44 years; 52.0% boys) completed a food frequency questionnaire with questions on water consumption, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and unhealthy snacking.

RESULTS: The highest levels of physical activity were found in Spain (12,669 steps/day on weekdays), while the lowest levels were found in Bulgaria and Greece (9,777 and 9,656 steps/day on weekdays, respectively). German preschoolers spent the least amount of time in television viewing (43.3 min/day on weekdays), while Greek preschoolers spent the most time in television viewing (88.5 min/day on weekdays). A considerable amount of time was spent in quiet play in all countries, with the highest levels in Poland (104.9 min/day on weekdays), and the lowest levels in Spain (60.4 min/day on weekdays). Belgian, German, and Polish preschoolers had the lowest intakes of water and the highest intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages. The intake of snacks was the highest in Belgian preschoolers (73.1 g/day) and the lowest in Greek preschoolers (53.3 g/day).

CONCLUSIONS: Across six European countries, differences in preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours were found. Future interventions should target European preschoolers' energy balance-related behaviours simultaneously, but should apply country-specific adaptations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0118303
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30099451

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 17 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 21 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 43 Abstract Views, 9 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 26 Jul 2017, 11:31:08 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.