The determinants of fat intake in a multi-ethnic New Zealand population

Swinburn, Boyd, Walter, Lisa, Ricketts, Heather, Whitlock, Gary, Law, Bonnie, Norton, Robyn, Jackson, Rod and MacMahon, Stephen 1998, The determinants of fat intake in a multi-ethnic New Zealand population, International Epidemiological Association, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 416-421, doi: 10.1093/ije/27.3.416.

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Title The determinants of fat intake in a multi-ethnic New Zealand population
Author(s) Swinburn, Boyd
Walter, Lisa
Ricketts, Heather
Whitlock, Gary
Law, Bonnie
Norton, Robyn
Jackson, Rod
MacMahon, Stephen
Journal name International Epidemiological Association
Volume number 27
Issue number 3
Start page 416
End page 421
Total pages 6
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 1998-06
ISSN 0300-5771
Keyword(s) Adult
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Dietary Fats
Ethnic Groups
Feeding Behavior
Middle Aged
New Zealand
Nutrition Surveys
Summary BACKGROUND: The New Zealand diet is high in total and saturated fat and this is likely to be contributing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and relatively high rates of coronary heart disease in New Zealand. The identification of subgroups with a high-fat intake will enable nutrition-related public health strategies to be better targeted. METHODS: Subjects from two surveys were included in the study: 7574 employees from a large multinational workforce survey and 2447 people aged 35-84 years selected from a stratified random sample of the electoral roll in central Auckland. Fat and saturated fat intake were assessed by short questionnaire which gave a dietary fat habits (DFH) score and supplemented by a six-item food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: The DFH scores were higher in males than in females at all ages, and there was an inverse relationship with age which was stronger for males. Age-adjusted scores showed significantly higher DFH scores for Maori than for Europeans. Lower socioeconomic status was associated with higher DFH scores in males. Current smoking and heavy drinking (in males) were associated with significantly higher DFH scores after controlling for socioeconomic status. The results of the limited food frequency questionnaire supported the trends in DFH scores. CONCLUSIONS: The subgroups with high total and saturated fat intakes which should be a priority for public health action are young and middle-aged males, Maori and lower socioeconomic status males. The clustering of high-fat intake with smoking and heavy drinking should be considered when developing preventative strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/ije/27.3.416
Field of Research 0104 Statistics
1117 Public Health And Health Services
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©1998, International Epidemiological Association
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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