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Preschool and school meal policies: an overview of what we know about regulation, implementation, and impact on diet in the UK, Sweden, and Australia

Lucas, Patricia Jane, Patterson, Emma, Sacks, Gary, Billich, Natassja and Evans, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise 2017, Preschool and school meal policies: an overview of what we know about regulation, implementation, and impact on diet in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 7, Special issue: dietary intake and behavior in children, pp. 1-20, doi: 10.3390/nu9070736.

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Title Preschool and school meal policies: an overview of what we know about regulation, implementation, and impact on diet in the UK, Sweden, and Australia
Author(s) Lucas, Patricia Jane
Patterson, Emma
Sacks, GaryORCID iD for Sacks, Gary orcid.org/0000-0001-9736-1539
Billich, Natassja
Evans, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 9
Issue number 7
Season Special issue: dietary intake and behavior in children
Article ID 736
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 20
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2017-07-11
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) children
nutrition intake
policy
preshool
school
school meals
Summary School meals make significant contributions to healthy dietary behaviour, at a time when eating habits and food preferences are being formed. We provide an overview of the approaches to the provision, regulation, and improvement of preschool and primary school meals in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, three countries which vary in their degree of centralisation and regulation of school meals. Sweden has a centralised approach; all children receive free meals, and a pedagogical approach to meals is encouraged. Legislation demands that meals are nutritious. The UK system is varied and decentralised. Meals in most primary schools are regulated by food-based standards, but preschool-specific meal standards only exist in Scotland. The UK uses food groups (starchy foods, fruit and vegetables, proteins and dairy) in a healthy plate approach. Australian States and Territories all employ guidelines for school canteen food, predominantly using a "traffic light" approach outlining recommended and discouraged foods; however, most children bring food from home and are not covered by this guidance. The preschool standards state that food provided should be nutritious. We find that action is often lacking in the preschool years, and suggest that consistent policies, strong incentives for compliance, systematic monitoring, and an acknowledgement of the broader school eating environment (including home provided food) would be beneficial.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu9070736
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30100216

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Population Health
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.