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Measuring blue space visibility and 'blue recreation' in the everyday lives of children in a capital city

Pearson, Amber L, Bottomley, Ross, Chambers, Tim, Thornton, Lukar, Stanley, James, Smith, Moira, Barr, Michelle and Signal, Louise 2017, Measuring blue space visibility and 'blue recreation' in the everyday lives of children in a capital city, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.3390/ijerph14060563.

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Title Measuring blue space visibility and 'blue recreation' in the everyday lives of children in a capital city
Author(s) Pearson, Amber L
Bottomley, Ross
Chambers, Tim
Thornton, LukarORCID iD for Thornton, Lukar orcid.org/0000-0001-8759-8671
Stanley, James
Smith, Moira
Barr, Michelle
Signal, Louise
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 14
Issue number 6
Article ID 563
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2017-06
ISSN 1660-4601
Keyword(s) blue space
children’s environments
cities
mental health
neighborhoods
science and technology
life sciences and biomedicine
environmental sciences
children's environments
Summary Blue spaces (water bodies) may promote positive mental and physical health through opportunities for relaxation, recreation, and social connections. However, we know little about the nature and extent of everyday exposure to blue spaces, particularly in settings outside the home or among children, nor whether exposure varies by individual or household characteristics. Wearable cameras offer a novel, reliable method for blue space exposure measurement. In this study, we used images from cameras worn over two days by 166 children in Wellington, New Zealand, and conducted content and blue space quantification analysis on each image (n = 749,389). Blue space was identified in 24,721 images (3.6%), with a total of 23 blue recreation events. Visual exposure and participation in blue recreation did not differ by ethnicity, weight status, household deprivation, or residential proximity to the coastline. Significant differences in both visual exposure to blue space and participation in blue recreation were observed, whereby children from the most deprived schools had significantly higher rates of blue space exposure than children from low deprivation schools. Schools may be important settings to promote equitable blue space exposures. Childhood exposures to blue space may not follow the expected income inequality trends observed among adults.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph14060563
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, the authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30101006

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
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