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Workplace incivility in Japan: reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale

Tsuno, Kanami, Kawakami, Norito, Shimazu, Akihito, Shimada, Kyoko, Inoue, Akiomi and Leiter, Michael P. 2017, Workplace incivility in Japan: reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale, Journal of occupational health, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 237-246, doi: 10.1539/joh.16-0196-OA.

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Title Workplace incivility in Japan: reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale
Author(s) Tsuno, Kanami
Kawakami, Norito
Shimazu, Akihito
Shimada, Kyoko
Inoue, Akiomi
Leiter, Michael P.ORCID iD for Leiter, Michael P. orcid.org/0000-0001-5680-0363
Journal name Journal of occupational health
Volume number 59
Issue number 3
Start page 237
End page 246
Total pages 10
Publisher Japan Society for Occupational Health
Place of publication Tokyo, Japan
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1341-9145
1348-9585
Keyword(s) aggression
Canada
harassment
incivility
Japan
workers
Summary Objectives: Although incivility is a common interpersonal mistreatment and associated with poor mental health, there are few studies about it in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale (J-MWIS), investigate its reliability and validity, and reveal the prevalence of incivility among Japanese employees in comparison with data on Canadian employees.

Methods: A total of 2,191 Japanese and 1,071 Canadian employees were surveyed, using either the J-MWIS or MWIS. Japanese employees additionally answered questions on civility, worksite social support, workplace bullying, psychological distress, intention to leave, and work engagement to investigate construct validity. Results: At least one form of workplace incivility was experienced by both Japanese (52.3%) and Canadian (86.0%) employees in the previous month. Internal consistency reliability of the J-MWIS was acceptable (α=0.71-0.81), and correlation analyses also confirmed its construct validity as expected. Workplace incivility was associated with lower workgroup civility, lower supervisor and coworker support, higher workplace bullying, higher psychological distress, higher intention to leave, and lower work engagement. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the original three-factor model (supervisor incivility, coworker incivility, and instigated incivility) fitted moderately in both Japan and Canada data, though the privacy/overfamiliarity factor was additionally extracted from exploratory factor analysis for the J-MWIS.

Conclusions:
The results of this study suggested that the J-MWIS has moderate internal consistency reliability and good construct validity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1539/joh.16-0196-OA
Field of Research 1117 Public Health And Health Services
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30101325

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.