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Prevalence of overweight and obesity in United Arab Emirates expatriates: the UAE national diabetes and lifestyle study

Sulaiman, Nabil, Elbadawi, Salah, Hussein, Amal, Abusnana, Salah, Madani, Abdulrazzag, Mairghani, Maisoon, Alawadi, Fatheya, Sulaiman, Ahmad, Zimmet, Paul, Huse, Oliver, Shaw, Jonathan and Peeters, Anna 2017, Prevalence of overweight and obesity in United Arab Emirates expatriates: the UAE national diabetes and lifestyle study, Diabetology and metabolic syndrome, vol. 9, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1186/s13098-017-0287-0.

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Title Prevalence of overweight and obesity in United Arab Emirates expatriates: the UAE national diabetes and lifestyle study
Author(s) Sulaiman, Nabil
Elbadawi, Salah
Hussein, Amal
Abusnana, Salah
Madani, Abdulrazzag
Mairghani, Maisoon
Alawadi, Fatheya
Sulaiman, Ahmad
Zimmet, Paul
Huse, Oliver
Shaw, Jonathan
Peeters, AnnaORCID iD for Peeters, Anna orcid.org/0000-0003-4340-9132
Journal name Diabetology and metabolic syndrome
Volume number 9
Article ID 88
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2017
ISSN 1758-5996
Keyword(s) adults
expatriates
obesity
overweight
prevalence
United Arab Emirates
Summary Objective
To describe current prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in expatriates living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Methods
We used data from the cross-sectional UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle Study (UAEDIAB), which surveyed adult expatriates living in the UAE for at least 4 years. We report crude prevalence of overweight and obesity, indicated by gender and ethnicity-specific body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) cut-offs, by lifestyle and biomedical characteristics, as well as age and sex-adjusted odds ratios.

Results
Out of a total of 3064 recruited expatriates (response rate 68%), 2724 had completed all stages of the UAEDIAB study. Expatriates were; 81% men, mean age 38 years (range 18–80), 71% South East Asians, and 36% university graduates. In this sample, the prevalence of overweight and obesity, by BMI, were 43.0 and 32.3%, respectively. 52.4 and 56.5% of participants were at a substantially increased risk according to WC and WHR, respectively. The prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia were 15.5, 31.8, and 51.7%, respectively, with the prevalence of each being higher in those with obesity.

Conclusion
Prevalence of obesity and associated NCDs are extremely high in UAE expatriates. Without comprehensive prevention and management, levels of disease will continue to increase and productivity will fall.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s13098-017-0287-0
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1101 Medical Biochemistry And Metabolomics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30106401

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.