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Development and reliability of a streetscape observation instrument for international use: MAPS-global

Cain, Kelli L., Geremia, Carrie M., Conway, Terry L., Frank, Lawrence D., Chapman, James E., Fox, Eric H., Timperio, Anna, Veitch, Jenny, Van Dyck, Delfien, Verhoeven, Hannah, Reis, Rodrigo, Augusto, Alexandre, Cerin, Ester, Mellecker, Robin R., Queralt, Ana, Molina-García, Javier and Sallis, James F. 2018, Development and reliability of a streetscape observation instrument for international use: MAPS-global, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 15, no. 19, doi: 10.1186/s12966-018-0650-z.

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Title Development and reliability of a streetscape observation instrument for international use: MAPS-global
Author(s) Cain, Kelli L.
Geremia, Carrie M.
Conway, Terry L.
Frank, Lawrence D.
Chapman, James E.
Fox, Eric H.
Timperio, AnnaORCID iD for Timperio, Anna orcid.org/0000-0002-8773-5012
Veitch, JennyORCID iD for Veitch, Jenny orcid.org/0000-0001-8962-0887
Van Dyck, Delfien
Verhoeven, Hannah
Reis, Rodrigo
Augusto, Alexandre
Cerin, Ester
Mellecker, Robin R.
Queralt, Ana
Molina-García, Javier
Sallis, James F.
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 15
Issue number 19
Total pages 11
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2018-02-26
ISSN 1479-5868
1479-5868
Keyword(s) Built environment
Exercise
Measurement
Walkability
Walking
Summary Methods
MAPS-Global was developed by compiling concepts and items from eight environmental measures relevant to walking and bicycling. Inter-rater reliability data were collected in neighborhoods selected to vary on geographic information system (GIS)-derived macro-level walkability in five countries (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Hong Kong-China, and Spain). MAPS-Global assessments (n = 325) were completed in person along a ≥ 0.25 mile route from a residence toward a non-residential destination, and a commercial block was also rated for each residence (n = 82). Two raters in each country rated each route independently. A tiered scoring system was created that summarized items at multiple levels of aggregation, and positive and negative valence scores were created based on the expected effect on physical activity. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was computed for scales and selected items using one-way random models.

Results
Overall, 86.6% of individual items and single item indicators showed excellent agreement (ICC ≥ 0.75), and 13.4% showed good agreement (ICC = 0.60–0.74). All subscales and overall summary scores showed excellent agreement. Six of 123 items were too rare to compute the ICC. The median ICC for items and scales was 0.92 with a range of 0.50–1.0. Aesthetics and social characteristics showed lower ICCs than other sub-scales, but reliabilities were still in the excellent range (ICC ≥ 0.75).

Conclusion
Evaluation of inter-observer reliability of MAPS-Global across five countries indicated all items and scales had “good” or “excellent” reliability. The results demonstrate that trained observers from multiple countries were able to reliably conduct observations of both residential and commercial areas with the new MAPS-Global instrument. Next steps are to evaluate construct validity in relation to physical activity in multiple countries and gain experience with using MAPS-Global for research and practice applications.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-018-0650-z
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
11 Medical And Health Sciences
13 Education
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30106635

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.