Openly accessible

The decline and resurrection of Turkish Islamism: the story of Tayyip Erdogan’s AKP

Yilmaz, Ihsan, Barton, Greg and Barry, James 2017, The decline and resurrection of Turkish Islamism: the story of Tayyip Erdogan’s AKP, Journal of citizenship and globalisation studies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 48-62, doi: 10.1515/jcgs-2017-0005.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
ihsan-declineand-2017.pdf Published version application/pdf 828.54KB 13

Title The decline and resurrection of Turkish Islamism: the story of Tayyip Erdogan’s AKP
Author(s) Yilmaz, IhsanORCID iD for Yilmaz, Ihsan orcid.org/0000-0001-8409-3045
Barton, Greg
Barry, JamesORCID iD for Barry, James orcid.org/0000-0002-8965-5665
Journal name Journal of citizenship and globalisation studies
Volume number 1
Issue number 1
Start page 48
End page 62
Total pages 15
Publisher De Gruyter, Sciendo
Place of publication Warsaw, Poland
Publication date 2017
ISSN 2450-8632
Keyword(s) Turkey
Islamism
muslim democrats
populism
authoritarianism
erdoganism
personality cult
Summary For decades, Turkish Islamists have failed to attract the votes of large sections of society and remained marginal. As a result of this failure to come to power, and due to domestic and international constraints and windows of opportunities, they have declared that they have jettisoned Islamism. Many Turkish Muslims whose religious disposition was shaped by the pluralistic urban Ottoman experience and small-town Anatolian traditionalism, and by the contesting currents of cosmopolitan pluralism and rural social conservatism, voted in favour of these former Islamists who have become “Muslim Democrats”. This paper elaborates on the genealogy of Turkish Islamists and their political trajectories and argues that when the forces and constraints of domestic and external social, political and economic conditions disappeared and the opportunities derived from being Muslim Democrats no longer existed, the former Islamists easily returned to their original ideology, showing that despite assertions to the contrary their respect for democracy and pluralism had not truly been internalised. This paper also aims to demonstrate that similar to other authoritarian populists, Erdoganists perceive the state and its leader as more important than anything else and as being above everything else, which has culminated in a personality cult and sanctification of the state. As long as Turkey’s economy continued to boom, almost everyone was happy that Turkey could readily market the “Muslim Democrats” story to the whole world for a long period as a major success story, or as an “exemplary Muslim country” or “model”. Yet, Middle Eastern elites and Western forces got carried away and learnt the hard way just how naive their view was in perhaps the first great transformation movement of the twenty-first century – the Arab Spring. Likewise, the Turkish Spring turned all too quickly towards autumn and then winter.
Language eng
DOI 10.1515/jcgs-2017-0005
Field of Research 160603 Comparative Government and Politics
160609 Political Theory and Political Philosophy
160607 International Relations
Socio Economic Objective 940201 Civics and Citizenship
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30107148

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Alfred Deakin Research Institute
Open Access Collection
Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 42 Abstract Views, 15 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 09 Apr 2018, 09:36:34 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.