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Scrutinizing the epigenetics revolution

Meloni, Maurizio and Testa, Giuseppe 2014, Scrutinizing the epigenetics revolution, BioSocieties, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 431-456, doi: 10.1057/biosoc.2014.22.

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Title Scrutinizing the epigenetics revolution
Author(s) Meloni, Maurizio
Testa, Giuseppe
Journal name BioSocieties
Volume number 9
Issue number 4
Start page 431
End page 456
Total pages 26
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan UK
Place of publication Basingstoke, Eng.
Publication date 2014-11
ISSN 1745-8552
1745-8560
Keyword(s) epigenetics
imaginaries
molecularization
plasticity
responsibility
social policy
Summary Epigenetics is one of the most rapidly expanding fields in the life sciences. Its rise is frequently framed as a revolutionary turn that heralds a new epoch both for gene-based epistemology and for the wider discourse on life that pervades knowledge-intensive societies of the molecular age. The fundamentals of this revolution remain however to be scrutinized, and indeed the very contours of what counts as ‘epigenetic’ are often blurred. This is reflected also in the mounting discourse on the societal implications of epigenetics, in which vast expectations coexist with significant uncertainty about what aspects of this science are most relevant for politics or policy alike. This is therefore a suitable time to reflect on the directions that social theory could most productively take in the scrutiny of this revolution. Here we take this opportunity in both its scholarly and normative dimension, that is, proposing a roadmap for social theorizing on epigenetics that does not shy away from, and indeed hopefully guides, the framing of its most socially relevant outputs. To this end, we start with an epistemological reappraisal of epigenetic discourse that valorizes the blurring of meanings as a critical asset for the field and privileged analytical entry point. We then propose three paths of investigation. The first looks at the structuring elements of controversies and visions around epigenetics. The second probes the mutual constitution between the epigenetic reordering of living phenomena and the normative settlements that orient individual and collective responsibilities. The third highlights the material import of epigenetics and the molecularization of culture that it mediates. We suggest that these complementary strands provide both an epistemically and socially self-reflective framework to advance the study of epigenetics as a molecular juncture between nature and nurture and thus as the new critical frontier in the social studies of the life sciences.
Language eng
DOI 10.1057/biosoc.2014.22
Field of Research 160806 Social Theory
160808 Sociology and Social Studies of Science and Technology
220206 History and Philosophy of Science (incl Non-Historical Philosophy of Science)
1608 Sociology
2201 Applied Ethics
Socio Economic Objective 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30107806

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Alfred Deakin Research Institute
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.