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Predictors of successful quitting among Thai adult smokers: evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey

Jampaklay, Aree, Borland, Ron, Yong, Hua-Hie, Sirirassamee, Buppha, Fotuhi, Omid and Fong, Geoffrey T. 2015, Predictors of successful quitting among Thai adult smokers: evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 12095-12109, doi: 10.3390/ijerph121012095.

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Title Predictors of successful quitting among Thai adult smokers: evidence from ITC-SEA (Thailand) Survey
Author(s) Jampaklay, Aree
Borland, Ron
Yong, Hua-HieORCID iD for Yong, Hua-Hie orcid.org/0000-0001-8167-6173
Sirirassamee, Buppha
Fotuhi, Omid
Fong, Geoffrey T.
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 12
Issue number 10
Start page 12095
End page 12109
Total pages 15
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1661-7827
1660-4601
Keyword(s) ITC surveys
adult smokers in Thailand
predictors of successful quitting
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Behavior, Addictive
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Recurrence
Self Efficacy
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Thailand
Tobacco Use Disorder
Young Adult
Summary This study uses longitudinal data from the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia (ITC-SEA Thailand) survey to explore patterns and predictors of successful quitting among Thai adult smokers as a function of time quit. A cohort of a representative sample of 2000 smokers was surveyed four times from 2005 to 2009. A sample of 1533 individuals provided data for at least one of the reported analyses. Over the four years of follow-up, 97% made attempts to quit. Outcomes were successful quitting/relapse: (a) quit attempts of at least one month (short-term relapse, 43%) (57% remaining quit); (b) surviving at least six months (medium-term) (31%); (c) relapse between one and six months (45%); (d) having continuously quit between Waves 3 and 4 (sustained abstinence) (14%); and (e) relapse from six months on (44%) compared to those who continuously quit between Waves 3 and 4 (56%). Predictors for early relapse (<1 month) differ from longer-term relapse. Age was associated with reduced relapse over all three periods, and was much stronger for longer periods of abstinence. Cigarette consumption predicted relapse for short and medium terms. Self-assessed addiction was predictive of early relapse, but reversed to predict abstinence beyond six months. Previous quit history of more than one week was predictive of early abstinence, but became unrelated subsequently. Self-efficacy was strongly predictive of abstinence in the first month but was associated with relapse thereafter. Some determinants of relapse change with time quit, but this may be in somewhat different to patterns found in the West.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph121012095
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30108356

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.