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Tobacco smoke exposure in public places and workplaces after smoke-free policy implementation: a longitudinal analysis of smoker cohorts in Mexico and Uruguay

Thrasher, James F, Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Erika, Sebrié, Ernesto M, Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh, Boado, Marcelo, Yong, Hua-Hie, Arillo-Santillán, Edna and Bianco, Eduardo 2013, Tobacco smoke exposure in public places and workplaces after smoke-free policy implementation: a longitudinal analysis of smoker cohorts in Mexico and Uruguay, Health policy and planning, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 789-798, doi: 10.1093/heapol/czs118.

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Title Tobacco smoke exposure in public places and workplaces after smoke-free policy implementation: a longitudinal analysis of smoker cohorts in Mexico and Uruguay
Author(s) Thrasher, James F
Nayeli Abad-Vivero, Erika
Sebrié, Ernesto M
Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh
Boado, Marcelo
Yong, Hua-HieORCID iD for Yong, Hua-Hie orcid.org/0000-0001-8167-6173
Arillo-Santillán, Edna
Bianco, Eduardo
Journal name Health policy and planning
Volume number 28
Issue number 8
Start page 789
End page 798
Total pages 10
Publisher Oxford Academic
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2013-12
ISSN 1460-2237
Keyword(s) tobacco smoke pollution
developing countries
policy compliance
public policy
secondhand smoke
Summary OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, correlates and changes in secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure over the period after comprehensive smoke-free policy implementation in two Latin American countries. METHODS: Data were analysed from population-based representative samples of adult smokers and recent quitters from the 2008 and 2010 waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey in Mexico (n = 1766 and 1840, respectively) and Uruguay (n = 1379 and 1411, respectively). Prevalence of SHS exposure was estimated for regulated venues, and generalized estimating equations were used to determine correlates of SHS exposure. RESULTS: Workplace SHS exposure in the last month was similar within and across countries (range: Mexico 20-25%; Uruguay 14-29%). At the most recent restaurant visit, SHS exposure was lower where comprehensive smoke-free policies were implemented (range: Uruguay 6-9%; Mexico City 5-7%) compared with Mexican cities with weaker policies, where exposure remained higher but decreased over time (32-17%). At the most recent bar visit, SHS exposure was common (range: Uruguay 8-36%; Mexico City 23-31%), although highest in jurisdictions with weaker policies (range in other Mexican cities: 74-86%). In Uruguay, males were more likely than females to be exposed to SHS across venues, as were younger compared with older smokers in Mexico. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive smoke-free policies are more effective than weaker policies, although compliance in Mexico and Uruguay is not as high as desired.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/heapol/czs118
Field of Research 1605 Policy And Administration
1117 Public Health And Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30108371

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.