Development of a pain attitudes questionnaire to assess stoicism and cautiousness for possible age differences

Yong, Hua, Gibson, SJ, Horne, DJDL and Helme, RD 2001, Development of a pain attitudes questionnaire to assess stoicism and cautiousness for possible age differences, Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 56, no. 5, doi: 10.1093/geronb/56.5.P279.

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Title Development of a pain attitudes questionnaire to assess stoicism and cautiousness for possible age differences
Author(s) Yong, HuaORCID iD for Yong, Hua orcid.org/0000-0001-8167-6173
Gibson, SJ
Horne, DJDL
Helme, RD
Journal name Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume number 56
Issue number 5
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2001-01-01
ISSN 1079-5014
Summary This study aimed to develop a pain attitudes questionnaire (PAQ) and examine its reliability and validity for use in assessing the constructs of stoicism and cautiousness relevant to pain perception. The questionnaire was administered to 373 healthy community-dwelling individuals who were subsequently divided into four age groups to test for differences in stoicism and cautiousness, two attitudes that have previously been claimed to influence pain perception and report among older adults. Factor analysis revealed that two dimensions of stoicism and two dimensions of cautiousness are measured by the scale, with reticence and superiority characterizing the first construct and self-doubt and reluctance characterizing the second. There was support for the scale's reliability and validity. Age-related increase in degree of reticence to pain, self-doubt, and reluctance to label a sensation as painful was found, emphasizing the need for careful consideration of pain attitudes in older patients who may underreport their pain symptoms.
DOI 10.1093/geronb/56.5.P279
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1701 Psychology
1608 Sociology
HERDC Research category CN.1 Other journal article
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30108412

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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