Almond consumption during energy restriction lowers truncal fat and blood pressure in compliant overweight or obese adults

Dhillon, Jaapna, Tan, Sze Yen and Mattes, Richard D 2016, Almond consumption during energy restriction lowers truncal fat and blood pressure in compliant overweight or obese adults, Journal of nutrition, vol. 146, no. 12, pp. 2513-2519, doi: 10.3945/jn.116.238444.

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Title Almond consumption during energy restriction lowers truncal fat and blood pressure in compliant overweight or obese adults
Author(s) Dhillon, Jaapna
Tan, Sze Yen
Mattes, Richard D
Journal name Journal of nutrition
Volume number 146
Issue number 12
Start page 2513
End page 2519
Total pages 7
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2016-12-01
ISSN 0022-3166
Keyword(s) almonds
blood pressure
body composition
body fat
energy restriction
visceral fat
weight loss
adipose tissue
caloric restriction
middle aged
prunus dulcis
young adult
science & technology
life sciences & biomedicine
nutrition & dietetics
Summary BACKGROUND: The inclusion of almonds in an energy-restricted diet has been reported both to enhance or to have no effect on weight loss. Their effects specifically on visceral body fat stores during energy restriction have not been widely examined. In addition, almond consumption has been associated with reduced blood pressure (BP), but whether this is linked to or independent of changes in body composition has to our knowledge not been examined. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effects of consuming almonds as part of an energy-restricted diet on body composition, specifically visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and BP, compared to a nut-free energy-restricted diet. METHODS: A randomized controlled 12-wk clinical trial of 86 healthy adults [body mass index (in kg/m2): 25-40] was conducted. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 energy-restricted (500-kcal deficit/d) diets: an almond-enriched diet (AED) (15% energy from almonds) or a nut-free diet (NFD). A linear mixed-model analysis on primary outcomes such as body weight, body fat, VAT, and BP was performed on all participants [intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis] and compliant participants (complier analysis). RESULTS: Body weight, truncal and total fat percentage, VAT, and systolic BP decreased after 12 wk of energy restriction in both the ITT and complier analyses (P < 0.05). The complier analysis (but not the ITT analysis) indicated a greater mean ± SEM reduction in truncal fat (AED: -1.21% ± 0.26%; NFD: -0.48% ± 0.24%; P = 0.025), total fat (AED: -1.79% ± 0.36%; NFD: -0.74% ± 0.33%; P = 0.035), and diastolic BP (AED: -2.71 ± 1.2 mm Hg; NFD: 0.815 ± 1.1 mm Hg; P = 0.029), and a greater tendency for VAT loss (AED: -8.19 ± 1.8 cm2; NFD: -3.99 ± 1.7 cm2; P = 0.09) over time in the AED group than the NFD group. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate almond consumption by compliant overweight and obese individuals during energy restriction results in greater proportional reductions of truncal and total body fat as well as diastolic BP and hence may help to reduce metabolic disease risk in obesity.
Language eng
DOI 10.3945/jn.116.238444
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
0702 Animal Production
0908 Food Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, American Society for Nutrition
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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