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A Mediterranean diet model in Australia: strategies for translating the traditional Mediterranean diet into a multicultural setting

George, Elena S., Kucianski, Teagan, Mayr, Hannah L., Moschonis, George, Tierney, Audrey C. and Itsiopoulos, Catherine 2018, A Mediterranean diet model in Australia: strategies for translating the traditional Mediterranean diet into a multicultural setting, Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1-20, doi: 10.3390/nu10040465.

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Title A Mediterranean diet model in Australia: strategies for translating the traditional Mediterranean diet into a multicultural setting
Author(s) George, Elena S.
Kucianski, Teagan
Mayr, Hannah L.
Moschonis, George
Tierney, Audrey C.
Itsiopoulos, Catherine
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 10
Issue number 4
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 20
Publisher MPDI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-04-09
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) Mediterranean diet
cardiovascular disease
diet
dietary intervention
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
nutrition
translation
Summary Substantial evidence supports the effect of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) for managing chronic diseases, although trials have been primarily conducted in Mediterranean populations. The efficacy and feasibility of the Mediterranean dietary pattern for the management of chronic diseases has not been extensively evaluated in non-Mediterranean settings. This paper aims to describe the development of a MD model that complies with principles of the traditional MD applied in a multiethnic context. Optimal macronutrient and food-based composition was defined, and a two-week menu was devised incorporating traditional ingredients with evidence based on improvements in chronic disease management. Strategies were developed for the implementation of the diet model in a multiethnic population. Consistent with the principles of a traditional MD, the MD model was plant-based and high in dietary fat, predominantly monounsaturated fatty acids from extra virgin olive oil. Fruits, vegetables and wholegrains were a mainstay, and moderate amounts of nuts and seeds, fish, dairy and red wine were recommended. The diet encompassed key features of the MD including cuisine, biodiversity and sustainability. The MD model preserved traditional dietary components likely to elicit health benefits for individuals with chronic diseases, even with the adaptation to an Australian multiethnic population.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu10040465
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30109114

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.