Changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012

Zheng, Miaobing, Rangan, Anna, Meertens, Beth and Wu, Jason H. Y. 2017, Changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012, Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.3390/nu9060577.

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Title Changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012
Author(s) Zheng, MiaobingORCID iD for Zheng, Miaobing orcid.org/0000-0002-4151-3502
Rangan, Anna
Meertens, Beth
Wu, Jason H. Y.
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 9
Issue number 6
Article ID 577
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2017-06-06
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) Australian adults
energy-dense nutrient-poor foods
portion size
trends
Adult
Aged
Australia
Beverages
Diet
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status
Nutritive Value
Snacks
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Summary This study aimed to examine the changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012. Data of adults (age ≥19 years) from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey and 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Typical portion sizes (median portion) of fourteen discretionary foods that contributed the most to energy intake were determined. Ten out of fourteen food categories demonstrated a significant change in kJ per typical portion from 1995 to 2011-2012 (p ≤ 0.001). kJ per typical portion increased for pizza, cake, sausage, cereal bar, processed meat, ice cream and wine, with pizza and cake demonstrating the largest increases (+570 kJ and +950 kJ in 2011-2012, respectively; both +66% above 1995). In contrast, kJ per typical portion of pastry, snack food and potato fries decreased by 10-40% over time, and did not change for biscuit, chocolate, sugar-sweetened beverage and beer. Similar changes were observed for grams per typical portion consumed. Temporal trends in typical portion sizes were similar according to age group, gender and socioeconomic status. The findings suggest that population-wide strategies that enable consumers to choose smaller portions of discretionary foods are needed to reduce the excess consumption of these products.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu9060577
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2017, The Authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30109281

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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