Factors associated with the climate change vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of people with disability: A systematic review

Gaskin, Cadeyrn J., Taylor, Davina, Kinnear, Susan, Mann, Julie, Hillman, Wendy and Moran, Monica 2017, Factors associated with the climate change vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of people with disability: A systematic review, Weather, Climate, and Society, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 801-814, doi: 10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0126.1.


Title Factors associated with the climate change vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of people with disability: A systematic review
Author(s) Gaskin, Cadeyrn J.ORCID iD for Gaskin, Cadeyrn J. orcid.org/0000-0001-5240-4320
Taylor, Davina
Kinnear, Susan
Mann, Julie
Hillman, Wendy
Moran, Monica
Journal name Weather, Climate, and Society
Volume number 9
Issue number 4
Start page 801
End page 814
Total pages 14
Publisher American Meteorological Society
Place of publication Boston, Mass.
Publication date 2017-10-01
ISSN 1948-8327
1948-8335
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Physical Sciences
Environmental Studies
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Social Science
Climate change
TIME WHEELCHAIR USERS
SPINAL-CORD-INJURY
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
DISASTER
HEAT
RISK
THERMOREGULATION
INDIVIDUALS
MANAGEMENT
RESPONSES
Summary People with disability experience multidimensional inequalities, which heighten their vulnerability to climate change. An understanding of the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of people with disability can be gained through considering how they have fared during the types of events associated with climate change, such as droughts, floods, heat waves, hurricanes, and wildfires. A systematic review was conducted to identify factors associated with climate change vulnerability and adaptive capacity of people with disability. Papers were sourced from 12 electronic databases, the Google search engine, the websites of 21 organizations, and the reference lists of included papers; 34 papers (relating to 28 studies) met the selection criteria. Most studies were located in the United States, and almost half were focused on hurricane events. Factors contributing to vulnerability included personal factors (e.g., female gender, uncoupled or living alone, nonwhite ethnicity, and low income), environmental factors (commonly, limited practical support from government agencies and disability organizations), bodily impairments (cognitive impairments, hearing impairments, progression of impairments, relapse/exacerbation of symptoms, and thermoregulation difficulties), and activity limitations and participation restrictions (limited preparedness, difficulties with evacuation, and difficulties reassembling individual accommodations and repairing or replacing adaptive equipment). Factors relating to their adaptive capacity included personal factors (e.g., formal education), environmental factors (practical support from mainstream organizations, disability organizations, family, and friends), and activities and participation (emergency planning, keeping an emergency pack, and seeking information). People with disability are vulnerable to climate change largely due to inequalities and their exclusion from adaptation and mitigation efforts.
Language eng
DOI 10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0126.1
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2017 American Meteorological Society
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30109997

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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