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Predictors of dietary energy density among preschool aged children

Fernando, Nilmani NT, Campbell, Karen J, McNaughton, Sarah A, Zheng, Miaobing and Lacy, Kathleen E 2018, Predictors of dietary energy density among preschool aged children, Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1-17, doi: 10.3390/nu10020178.

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Title Predictors of dietary energy density among preschool aged children
Author(s) Fernando, Nilmani NT
Campbell, Karen JORCID iD for Campbell, Karen J orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-3396
McNaughton, Sarah AORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah A orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Zheng, MiaobingORCID iD for Zheng, Miaobing orcid.org/0000-0002-4151-3502
Lacy, Kathleen EORCID iD for Lacy, Kathleen E orcid.org/0000-0002-2982-4455
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 10
Issue number 2
Article ID 178
Start page 1
End page 17
Total pages 17
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-02-06
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) dietary energy density
preschool children
dietary intake
home food availability
non-core snacks
energy dense foods
Australia
24-h recall
science & technology
life sciences & biomedicine
nutrition & dietetics
Summary Childhood obesity is a global problem with many contributing factors including dietary energy density (DED). This paper aims to investigate potential predictors of DED among preschool aged children in Victoria, Australia. Secondary analysis of longitudinal data for 209 mother-child pairs from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial was conducted. Data for predictors (maternal child feeding and nutrition knowledge, maternal dietary intake, home food availability, socioeconomic status) were obtained through questionnaires completed by first-time mothers when children were aged 4 or 18 months. Three 24-h dietary recalls were completed when children were aged ~3.5 years. DED was calculated utilizing three methods: "food only", "food and dairy beverages", and "food and all beverages". Linear regression analyses were conducted to identify associations between predictors and these three measures of children's DED. Home availability of fruits (β: -0.82; 95% CI: -1.35, -0.29, p = 0.002 for DEDfood; β: -0.42; 95% CI: -0.82, -0.02, p = 0.041 for DEDfood+dairy beverages) and non-core snacks (β: 0.11; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.20, p = 0.016 for DEDfood; β: 0.09; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.15, p = 0.010 for DEDfood+dairy beverages) were significantly associated with two of the three DED measures. Providing fruit at home early in a child's life may encourage the establishment of healthful eating behaviors that could promote a diet that is lower in energy density later in life. Home availability of non-core snacks is likely to increase the energy density of preschool children's diets, supporting the proposition that non-core snack availability at home should be limited.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu10020178
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30110131

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