Factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults from six low- and middle-income countries

Gaskin, Cadeyrn and Orellana, Liliana 2018, Factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults from six low- and middle-income countries, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1-24, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15050908.

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Title Factors associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults from six low- and middle-income countries
Author(s) Gaskin, CadeyrnORCID iD for Gaskin, Cadeyrn orcid.org/0000-0001-5240-4320
Orellana, LilianaORCID iD for Orellana, Liliana orcid.org/0000-0003-3736-4337
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 15
Issue number 5
Article ID 908
Start page 1
End page 24
Total pages 24
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-05-03
ISSN 1660-4601
Keyword(s) physical activity
sedentary behavior
exercise
older adults
ageing
ecological framework
low- and middle-income countries
science & technology
life sciences & biomedicine
environmental sciences
public, environmental & occupational health
environmental sciences & ecology
Summary Rising life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), coupled with the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, accentuates the importance of generating information to support public health strategies. With this aim in mind, the purpose of this study was to identify correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC. We analyzed Wave 1 data (collected 2007⁻2010) from the World Health Organization’s longitudinal Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), which focuses on nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 years and older from six countries (China, n = 13,157; India, n = 6560; Mexico, n = 2301; Russian Federation, n = 3763; South Africa, n = 3836; and Ghana, n = 4305). Associations of physical activity (operationalized as meeting physical activity guidelines of ≥150 min/week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity or not) and sedentary behavior (≥4 h/day versus <4 h/day) with demographic, health and health risk, functional, interpersonal, and environmental factors were assessed using multivariate logistic models. Across the six countries, we found fairly consistent and reasonably strong associations between both physical activity and sedentary behavior and several demographic factors (age and employment, in particular), self-reported health, instrumental activities of daily living, factors relating to socializing, and household location. Correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC appear to be similar to those found in high-income countries.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/ijerph15050908
Field of Research MD Multidisciplinary
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, the authors
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30110306

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Faculty of Health
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