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The influence of psychological factors on postpartum weight retention 12 months post-birth

Collings, Rhian, Hill, Briony and Skouteris, Helen 2018, The influence of psychological factors on postpartum weight retention 12 months post-birth, Journal of reproductive and infant psychology, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 177-191, doi: 10.1080/02646838.2018.1424323.

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Title The influence of psychological factors on postpartum weight retention 12 months post-birth
Author(s) Collings, RhianORCID iD for Collings, Rhian orcid.org/0000-0003-4993-3963
Hill, BrionyORCID iD for Hill, Briony orcid.org/0000-0003-4993-3963
Skouteris, Helen
Journal name Journal of reproductive and infant psychology
Volume number 36
Issue number 2
Start page 177
End page 191
Total pages 15
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2018-04
ISSN 0264-6838
Keyword(s) Postpartum weight retention
body dissatisfaction
depressive symptoms
gestational weight gain
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology
BODY-IMAGE
SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SLEEP QUALITY
PREGNANCY
WOMEN
GAIN
PREDICTORS
ASSOCIATION
Summary Background During the first postpartum year 20% of women retain excessive weight from pregnancy (postpartum weight retention; PPWR), which predicts long-term overweight/obesity.

Objective
The aim of this study was to explore the associations between psychological factors (depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and body attitudes) in late gestation and at 12-months postpartum with PPWR one-year post-birth.

Methods Pregnant women (N = 176) completed questionnaires in early-mid pregnancy (Time 1; mean (SD) = 16.97 (1.35) weeks), late pregnancy (Time 2; mean (SD) = 33.33 (2.05) weeks), and one year postpartum (Time 3; mean (SD) = 53.12 (3.34) weeks). Women provided demographic characteristics, height and pre-pregnancy weight at Time 1. At Times 2 and 3, weight, depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms and body attitudes (salience of weight and shape, attractiveness, feeling fat, and strength and fitness) were assessed in addition to physiological, socio-contextual and lifestyle factors. Gestational weight gain and PPWR were calculated. Hierarchical linear regression models were conducted to explore variance in 12-month PPWR.

Results Overall, models explained 26-39% variance in PPWR. Gestational weight gain in late pregnancy and low attractiveness at 12 months postpartum were the only variables associated significantly with 12-month PPWR.

Conclusion While psychological factors did not appear to be important direct contributors to PPWR at 12 months, the overall contribution of all variables suggests that such factors may be implicated in a small and incremental way. Exploration of the interactions between variables will help unpack potential mechanisms of the development of PPWR at 12 months post-birth.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/02646838.2018.1424323
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30110320

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.