Openly accessible

Socio-demographic determinants of diet quality in Australian adults using the validated Healthy Eating Index for Australian adults (HEIFA-2013)

Grech, Amanda, Sui, Zhixian, Siu, Hong Ying, Zheng, Miaobing, Allman-Farinelli, Margaret and Rangan, Anna 2017, Socio-demographic determinants of diet quality in Australian adults using the validated Healthy Eating Index for Australian adults (HEIFA-2013), Healthcare, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.3390/healthcare5010007.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
zheng-sociodemographic-2017.pdf Published version application/pdf 335.63KB 1

Title Socio-demographic determinants of diet quality in Australian adults using the validated Healthy Eating Index for Australian adults (HEIFA-2013)
Author(s) Grech, Amanda
Sui, Zhixian
Siu, Hong Ying
Zheng, MiaobingORCID iD for Zheng, Miaobing orcid.org/0000-0002-4151-3502
Allman-Farinelli, Margaret
Rangan, Anna
Journal name Healthcare
Volume number 5
Issue number 1
Article ID 7
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2017-02-04
ISSN 2227-9032
Keyword(s) diet quality
diet quality index
nutrition
24-hour recall
Summary Diet quality indices have been shown to predict cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 Diabetes, obesity and all-cause mortality. This study aimed to determine the socio-demographics of Australian adults with poor diet quality. Diet quality was assessed for participants of the 2011–2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 18 years or above (n = 9435), with the validated 11-component Healthy Eating Index for Australians (HEIFA-2013), based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. Differences in scores by demographics (ANOVA) and regression models for associations between the HEIFA-2013 score and demographic characteristics were conducted. The mean (SD) HEIFA-2013 score was 45.5 (14.7) out of 100 due to poor intakes of vegetables, fruit, grains, dairy and fat and high intakes of added sugar, sodium and discretionary foods. Lower mean HEIFA-2013 scores (SD) were found for males 43.3 (14.7), young-adults 41.6 (14.2) obese 44.1 (14.3), smokers 40.0 (14.2), low socio-economic status 43.7 (14.9) and Australian country-of-birth 44.2 (14.6) (p < 0.05). The overall diet quality of the Australian population is poor and targeted interventions for young-adults, males, obese and those with lower socio-economic status are recommended.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/healthcare5010007
Copyright notice ©2017, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30110541

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 7 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 09 Jul 2018, 15:39:32 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.