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Association between diet-quality scores, adiposity, total cholesterol and markers of nutritional status in European adults: findings from the Food4Me study

Fallaize, Rosalind, Livingstone, Katherine M., Celis-Morales, Carlos, Macready, Anna L., San-Cristobal, Rodrigo, Navas-Carretero, Santiago, Marsaux, Cyril F. M., O'Donovan, Clare B., Kolossa, Silvia, Moschonis, George, Walsh, Marianne C., Gibney, Eileen R., Brennan, Lorraine, Bouwman, Jildau, Manios, Yannis, Jarosz, Miroslaw, Martinez, J. Alfredo, Daniel, Hannelore, Saris, Wim H. M., Gundersen, Thomas E., Drevon, Christian A., Gibney, Michael J., Mathers, John C. and Lovegrove, Julie A. 2018, Association between diet-quality scores, adiposity, total cholesterol and markers of nutritional status in European adults: findings from the Food4Me study, Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 1, doi: 10.3390/nu10010049.

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Title Association between diet-quality scores, adiposity, total cholesterol and markers of nutritional status in European adults: findings from the Food4Me study
Author(s) Fallaize, Rosalind
Livingstone, Katherine M.ORCID iD for Livingstone, Katherine M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9682-7541
Celis-Morales, Carlos
Macready, Anna L.
San-Cristobal, Rodrigo
Navas-Carretero, Santiago
Marsaux, Cyril F. M.
O'Donovan, Clare B.
Kolossa, Silvia
Moschonis, George
Walsh, Marianne C.
Gibney, Eileen R.
Brennan, Lorraine
Bouwman, Jildau
Manios, Yannis
Jarosz, Miroslaw
Martinez, J. Alfredo
Daniel, Hannelore
Saris, Wim H. M.
Gundersen, Thomas E.
Drevon, Christian A.
Gibney, Michael J.
Mathers, John C.
Lovegrove, Julie A.
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Total pages 15
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-01-06
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) Dutch Healthy Diet Index
Healthy Eating Index
Mediterranean Diet Score
diet scores
dried blood spots
metabolic health
nutritional biomarkers
personalized nutrition
Summary Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore, MDS; PREDIMED Mediterranean Diet Score, P-MDS; Dutch Healthy Diet-Index, DHDI) and markers of metabolic health (anthropometry, objective physical activity levels (PAL), and dried blood spot total cholesterol (TC), total carotenoids, and omega-3 index) in the Food4Me cohort, using regression analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Participants (n = 1480) were adults recruited from seven European Union (EU) countries. Overall, women had higher HEI and AHEI than men (p < 0.05), and scores varied significantly between countries. For all DQS, higher scores were associated with lower body mass index, lower waist-to-height ratio and waist circumference, and higher total carotenoids and omega-3-index (p trends < 0.05). Higher HEI, AHEI, DHDI, and P-MDS scores were associated with increased daily PAL, moderate and vigorous activity, and reduced sedentary behaviour (p trend < 0.05). We observed no association between DQS and TC. To conclude, higher DQS, which reflect better dietary patterns, were associated with markers of better nutritional status and metabolic health.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu10010049
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30110934

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.