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Global assessment of biomass suitability for ironmaking – opportunities for co-location of sustainable biomass, iron and steel production and supportive policies

Mandova, Hana, Gale, William F., Williams, Alan, Heyes, Andrew L., Hodgson, Peter and Miah, Kamal H. 2018, Global assessment of biomass suitability for ironmaking – opportunities for co-location of sustainable biomass, iron and steel production and supportive policies, Sustainable energy technologies and assessments, vol. 27, pp. 23-39, doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2018.03.001.

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Title Global assessment of biomass suitability for ironmaking – opportunities for co-location of sustainable biomass, iron and steel production and supportive policies
Author(s) Mandova, Hana
Gale, William F.
Williams, Alan
Heyes, Andrew L.
Hodgson, Peter
Miah, Kamal H.
Journal name Sustainable energy technologies and assessments
Volume number 27
Start page 23
End page 39
Total pages 17
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2018-06
ISSN 2213-1388
Summary Iron and steel production processes are amongst the biggest industrial contributors to the global carbon emissions, and national as well as international obligations are set to drive their significant emission reductions. One of the possible strategies is to partially substitute fossil fuels used during the iron ore reduction process by sustainably-sourced biomass. The extent of the opportunities for such fuel switching, however, varies for each country. Theoretically, biomass into ironmaking should be only supported for countries which present co-location of sustainably domestically sourced biomass in sufficient quantity, a substantial iron and steel industry and supportive national policies. Using a multi-criteria global suitability assessment approach developed in this research, the status of countries’ steel industry, sustainable biomass resources and supportive policies were examined for top 40 steel production countries via the blast furnace ironmaking route. The results highlight those countries with significant potential to use domestically sourced biomass for such application and advance the efficient use of the limited biomass resources from the global perspective. Specifically countries such as Canada, Sweden, China, USA and France were identified as the most suitable, but other countries present opportunities that could be overcome if the corresponding barriers are identified.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.seta.2018.03.001
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30111847

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.