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Plasma modification and synthesis of membrane materials—a mechanistic review

Wang, Jingshi, Chen, Xiao, Reis, Rackel, Chen, Zhiqiang, Milne, Nicholas, Winther-Jensen, Bjorn, Kong, Lingxue and Dumee, Ludovic F 2018, Plasma modification and synthesis of membrane materials—a mechanistic review, Membranes, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1-38, doi: 10.3390/membranes8030056.

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Title Plasma modification and synthesis of membrane materials—a mechanistic review
Author(s) Wang, Jingshi
Chen, Xiao
Reis, Rackel
Chen, ZhiqiangORCID iD for Chen, Zhiqiang orcid.org/0000-0002-1347-418X
Milne, Nicholas
Winther-Jensen, Bjorn
Kong, LingxueORCID iD for Kong, Lingxue orcid.org/0000-0001-6219-3897
Dumee, Ludovic FORCID iD for Dumee, Ludovic F orcid.org/0000-0002-0264-4024
Journal name Membranes
Volume number 8
Issue number 3
Start page 1
End page 38
Total pages 38
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-09
ISSN 2077-0375
Keyword(s) membrane surface modification
free volume
plasma mechanics
plasma polymerization
plasma texturation
wettability
Summary Although commercial membranes are well established materials for water desalination and wastewater treatment, modification on commercial membranes is still necessary to deliver high-performance with enhanced flux and/or selectivity and fouling resistance. A modification method with plasma techniques has been extensively applied for high-performance membrane production. The paper presents a mechanistic review on the impact of plasma gas and polymerization, at either low pressure or atmospheric pressure on the material properties and performance of the modified membranes. At first, plasma conditions at low-pressure such as plasma power, gas or monomer flow rate, reactor pressure, and treatment duration which affect the chemical structure, surface hydrophilicity, morphology, as well as performance of the membranes have been discussed. The underlying mechanisms of plasma gas and polymerization have been highlighted. Thereafter, the recent research in plasma techniques toward membrane modification at atmospheric environment has been critically evaluated. The research focuses of future plasma-related membrane modification, and fabrication studies have been predicted to closely relate with the implementation of the atmospheric-pressure processes at the large-scale.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/membranes8030056
Copyright notice ©2018, the authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30112341

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.