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Developing an open space standard in a densely populated city: a case study of Chittagong city

Jafrin, Maharina and Beza, Beau B. 2018, Developing an open space standard in a densely populated city: a case study of Chittagong city, Infrastructures, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1-25, doi: 10.3390/infrastructures3030040.

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Title Developing an open space standard in a densely populated city: a case study of Chittagong city
Author(s) Jafrin, Maharina
Beza, Beau B.ORCID iD for Beza, Beau B. orcid.org/0000-0002-0639-136X
Journal name Infrastructures
Volume number 3
Issue number 3
Article ID 40
Start page 1
End page 25
Total pages 25
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2018-12
ISSN 2412-3811
Keyword(s) open space
WHO
Dhaka
structural plan
Chittagong
Summary In densely populated settings like Chittagong, Bangladesh cities facing rapid urbanization and economic growth are challenged to provide open space for its citizens. For example, the population of this port city is 14,200 people per square kilometer and there is a struggle to provide open space. Again, the planning proposal did not set any open space standard to achieve its open space aspirations Hence, the objectives of this paper are four-fold: (i) Develop an understanding of open space standardsto establish relative benchmarks for potential use in Chittagong. (ii) Examine existing formal open space in Chittagong. (iii) Document the existing informal open space areas in Chittagong according to the planning direction. (iv) Recommend an approach that can be used to realize open spaces in Chittagong. To achieve these, this paper documents the existing open space scenario in the city, examines the recommended open space standards developed by organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Dhaka Structural Plan (2016–2035) (the planning document of the capital city of Bangladesh) to identify to what extent these ‘benchmark’ standards are appropriate for use in the city. A discussion on open space in Chittagong and the criteria used to ‘frame’ open space calculations in the city is then conducted to provide a foundation to reflect upon the world’s various open space recommendations. Ultimately, by analyzing existing open space recommendations and their associated well-being aspirations, the research suggests that a new standard relating to the unique characteristics of the city should be used when developing open space standards in Chittagong.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/infrastructures3030040
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2018, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30113732

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.